Water scarcity in shimla - Abhijeet

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  1. Water Scarcity in Shimla Submitted by – Abhijeet Vikramaditya Tiwari 2.  Shimla is the capital of the northern Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, in the Himalayan…
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  • 1. Water Scarcity in Shimla Submitted by – Abhijeet Vikramaditya Tiwari
  • 2.  Shimla is the capital of the northern Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, in the Himalayan foothills. Once the summer capital of British India, it remains the terminus of the narrow-gauge Kalka-Shimla Railway, completed in 1903. It’s also known for the handicraft shops that line The Mall, a pedestrian avenue, as well as the Lakkar Bazaar, a market specializing in wooden toys and crafts. Shimla
  • 3.  Scarcity is the fundamental problem of having seemingly unlimited human wants in a world of limited resources. It states that society has insufficient productive resources to fulfil all human wants and needs.  So Water Scarcity is shortage of water in satisfying human demands What is Scarcity ?
  • 4.  Shimla was planned for a population of 16,000 but today it carries more than 200,000 on an average putting pressure on its scarce natural resource „Water‟. (1.7 lakh locals and around 70 thousands tourists )  There are around 450 Hotels in Shimla , each hotel requires at least 2 times of water required for a normal person. Now the big question why Shimla is thirsty ?
  • 5.  The main reason for the water shortage is the leakage in the pipelines, which are not only old and decaying but also travel a long distance in the harsh weather and uneven terrain. According to a CAG report, the city gets water for only 1.2 hours a day as against the 24-hour norm. From 2009-14, the corporation supplied 110 litres per capita per day (lpcd), which is less than the prescribed limit of 135 lpcd. Contd.
  • 6. Water Supply Muncipal Hand pump Bore well Spring water tank Spring Contd.
  • 7.  Decentralised wastewater treatment plants can help include uncovered areas at reduced costs. Treated water will be reused to flush community toilets.  College/university students in association with NGO‟s can organize water literacy programme.  Media can play major role in this concern.  Construction of small check dams and creation of water reservoirs.  Towards Blue Revolution – Management of fresh water through optimization of use. Suggested Measures
  • 8.  Installation of water meters and rationing system. Removal of subsidies on water.  Promotion for construction of Rainwater Harvesting plants with monetary support from local Municipal Authorities.  Reduce, recycle, and reuse of water.  Abating water contamination problems, since fresh water is a limited and scare resource, its pollution by human activity is not desirable.
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