The origins of world war ii 10 11

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  The Origins of World War II 10-11.pptx
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  • 1. The Origins of World War II<br />Standard 11.7 Students analyze America’s participation in WWII<br />
  • 2. What’s going on in the world in the 1930s?<br />
  • 3. HOT ROC – Group Concept Map <br />Each group will have a different color white board marker<br />We will go around the class one group at a time and add new information to the white board. <br />The last group to add information will be the winner <br />
  • 4. Reviewing 4 Leaders: Hitler, Stalin, Mussolini and Tojo<br />Reading--origins of the war 436-438.<br />Dictator Resumes<br />Each group will read and prepare the for a job interview, titled: World Dictator<br />You will present this information to a panel of judges who will determine the most qualified dictator.<br />
  • 5. Reviewing 4 Leaders: Hitler, Stalin, Mussolini and Tojo<br />Review <br />What are three commonalities between Stalin, Mussolini, Hitler and Tojo?<br />
  • 6. Europe After WWI<br />The Versailles Treaty<br />Germany forced to sign “war guilt” clause and pay reparations (32 billion)<br />Limitations on Germany’s military<br />Loss of all colonies<br />
  • 7. The Rise of Hitler<br />1920: The Nazi Party (National Socialist German Workers' Party) founded<br />Adolf Hitler (1889-1945), a WWI veteran <br />*don’t write down<br />1923: Attempts a coup, spends year in jail<br />Writes Mein Kampf<br />1930: Nazi party second largest in Germany—appeals to middle class, farmers, veterans<br />1933: Hitler elected Chancellor of Germany<br />1934: Uses people’s desperation during the Depression to end democracy in Germany and become appointed Führer by his cabinet<br />
  • 8. Alliance System- *See Map<br />Allies:<br />Great Britain and France.<br />Later:<br />U.S.<br />U.S.S.R.<br />Australia<br />China<br />Canada, etc<br />Axis: <br />Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy and the Empire of Japan<br />On August 23, 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union signed the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. <br />
  • 9. British, July 1936 - by Sir David Low<br />
  • 10. Germany invades Poland<br />On September 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland, using the false pretext of a faked "Polish attack" on a German border post. <br />1940, the Germans invaded Belgium, the Netherlands, and France using “blitzkrieg” (lightning war).<br />
  • 11. Germany occupies Paris<br />June 22, 1940. French sign armistice.<br />Summer of 1940: <br /> Battle of Britain<br />Summer of 1941: Germany attacks the Soviet Union<br />
  • 12. *London<br />
  • 13. The War- Ken Burns<br />Introduction:<br />“A Necessary War”<br />Episode 1<br />Netflix- Instant Streaming, start at 3:10<br />Is there ever such a thing as a necessary war?<br />How can a war bring out “the best and the worst in a generation?”<br />
  • 14. Homework<br />Use p. 444-445 to create diary or story from British person’s pov about Germany’s invasions, Dunkirk and Battle of Britain. <br />1 page.<br />
  • 15. HOT ROC, 1/8/10- What is Dr Seuss’ Message?<br />
  • 16. U.S. Response<br />Isolationism vs Interventionism<br />1936 Congress passes Neutrality Acts (prohibits selling of weapons to nations at war).<br />FDR’s position<br />Sees Germany and Japan as threats<br />FDR Actions Timeline<br />1938 Asks Congress for $300 million<br />1940 Selective Service (Draft)<br />1941 (January) Lend-Lease program to aid allies<br />1941 Embargo against Japan<br />scrap metal sales, aviation fuel, all metals, chemicals, machine parts and anything that could be used for military means <br />
  • 17. Japanese militarism<br />Read pgs 439-440 and find 2 similarities and 2 differences to Hitler and Germany’s aggression<br />Review:<br />Imperial Japan in the 1930s was looking to become a world power.<br />1931 Japan invaded Manchuria and China in 1937.<br />The United States and the United Kingdom reacted by <br />making loans to China.<br />providing covert military assistance, pilots and fighter aircraft to Kuomintang China.<br />instituting increasingly broad embargoes of raw materials and oil against Japan. <br />
  • 18. Japanese Militarism<br />
  • 19. Pearl Harbor<br />December 7, 1941<br />At 6am, 6 Japanese carriers launched a first wave of 183 planes.<br /> Overall, 21 ships of the U.S. Pacific fleet were damaged and the death toll reached 2,403.<br />Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6LlbQCmj8nk&feature=related<br />Part 2: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gpqm0KT9MJA&NR=1<br />
  • 20. U.S. Enters War <br />December 8, 1941 FDR asks Congress for Declaration of war against Japan.<br />Germany and Italy declare war on U.S.<br />After Pearl Harbor, a new selective service act made men between 18 and 45 liable for military service.<br />Army increases from 1.8 million in 1941 to 3.9 million by 1942<br />
  • 21. What was the U.S. fighting for?<br />Revenge?<br />Ideals?<br />A way out of the Great Depression?<br />To defeat totalitarianism and fascism?<br />
  • 22. FDR’s 4 FreedomsSpeech to Congress on January 6, 1941<br />The first is freedom of speech and expression <br />The second is freedom of every person to worship God in his own way <br />The third is freedom from want <br />The fourth is freedom from fear <br />Audio Clip: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5iHKtrirjlY<br />
  • 23. Ours…to fight for<br />Freedom of Speech<br />Freedom of Religion<br />Norman Rockwell, 1943<br />Freedom from Fear<br />Freedom from Want<br />
  • 24. Homework for Monday<br />2 options – 1 paragraph for either<br />Compare/Contrast Pearl Harbor and 9/11<br />Compare/Contrast trench warfare of WWI with Germany’s blitzkrieg of WWII. Use p.443 to help understand details of blitzkrieg.<br />
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