Schools of Psychology

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  1. Psychology The Different Schools of Psychology GSTU210 SP14 May 14, 2014 2. What is Psychology: The science or study of the mind and behavior, The way a…
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  • 1. Psychology The Different Schools of Psychology GSTU210 SP14 May 14, 2014
  • 2. What is Psychology: The science or study of the mind and behavior, The way a person or group thinks.
  • 3. Different Schools of Psychology: • Structuralism :Uses the method of introspection to identify the basic elements or “structures” of psychological experience Wilhelm Wundt, Edward B. Titchener • Functionalism: Attempts to understand why animals and humans have developed the particular psychological aspects that they currently possess William James • Psychodynamic: Focuses on the role of our unconscious thoughts, feelings, and memories and our early childhood experiences in determining behavior Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Alfred Adler, Erik Erickson • Behaviorism: Based on the premise that it is not possible to objectively study the mind, and therefore that psychologists should limit their attention to the study of behavior itself John B. Watson, B. F. Skinner • Cognitive: The study of mental processes, including perception, thinking, memory, and judgments Hermann Ebbinghaus, Sir Frederic Bartlett, Jean Piaget • Social-cultural: The study of how the social situations and the cultures in which people find themselves influence thinking and behavior Fritz Heider, Leon Festinger, Stanley Schachter
  • 4. How are the Schools of Psychology used: • Each psychologist has a personal preference • Some schools are more beneficial in different fields of psychology.
  • 5. Example of how Schools of Psychology are used: • A educational psychologist may use structuralism in the school. • A professional working with adults and children with special needs may use behavioral when depicting why a client is acting a certain way.
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