Rio summit

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  Rio summit
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  • 1. “We do not inherit the earth from our fathers, we borrow it from our children”
  • 2. United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED)  Major UN conference held in Rio de Janeiro 3rd to 14th June 1992 The focus of this conference was the state of the global environment and the relationship between economics, science and the environment in a political context. The conference concluded with the Earth Summit, at which leaders of 105 nations gathered to demonstrate their commitment to sustainable development.
  • 3. History United Nations Conference on the Human Environment 1972 , Sweden , Stockholm The Stockholm conference secured a permanent place for the environment on the world's agenda and led to the establishment of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP). 1978 Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement 1985 Helsinki Agreement (a 21-nation commitment to reduce sulphur dioxide emissions) 1988 Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer; and 1989 Basel Convention on Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes
  • 4. Issues Addressed systematic scrutiny of patterns of production — particularly the production of toxic components, such as lead in gasoline, or poisonous waste including radioactive chemicals alternative sources of energy to replace the use of fossil fuels which are linked to global climate change new reliance on public transportation systems in order to reduce vehicle emissions, congestion in cities and the health problems caused by polluted air and smoke the growing scarcity of water
  • 5. • Convention on Biological Diversity •Framework Convention on Climate Change(UNFCCC) • United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification •Rio Declaration on Environment and Development •Agenda 21 •Forest Principles Results
  • 6. Convention on Biological Diversity the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources, including by appropriate access to genetic resources and by the appropriate transfer of relevant technologies, taking into account all rights over those resources and to technologies, and by appropriate funding. developed a global strategy with guidelines for action by international, national and local governments and institutions to save, understand, and use biodiversity sustainably and equitably. The U.S. was the only attending country not to sign the biodiversity treaty.
  • 7. • Lead to the implementation of Kyoto Protocol • stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system • to ensure that food production is not threatened and to enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner. • The key elements of the convention are: new and additional financial resources to meet convention goals; promotion of transfer of technology to developing countries; and an institutional mechanism to enable the international community to manage the climate change problem over the long term, working with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
  • 8. United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification  to combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought through national action programs that incorporate long-term strategies supported by international cooperation and partnership arrangements. It is the first and only internationally legally binding framework set up to address the problem of desertification. The Convention is based on the principles of participation, partnership and decentralization the backbone of good Governance and Sustainable Development.
  • 9. o The Rio Declaration consisted of 27 principles intended to guide future sustainable development around the world. o These principles define the rights of people to development, and their responsibilities to safeguard the common environment. They build on ideas from the Stockholm Declaration at the 1972 United Nations Conference on the Human Environment. oThe Rio Declaration states that the only way to have long term economic progress is to link it with environmental protection. oThis will only happen if nations establish a new and equitable global partnership involving governments, their people and key sectors of societies. They must build international agreements that protect the integrity of the global environmental and the developmental system. Rio Declaration on Environment and Development
  • 10. Agenda 21 • a non-binding, voluntarily implemented action plan of the United Nations with regard to sustainable development. • a 300-page document divided into 40 chapters that have been grouped into 4 sections: Section I: Social and Economic Dimensions is directed toward combating poverty, especially in developing countries, changing consumption patterns, promoting health, achieving a more sustainable population, and sustainable settlement in decision making. Section II: Conservation and Management of Resources for Development Includes atmospheric protection, combating deforestation, protecting fragile environments, conservation of biodiversity, control of pollution and the management of biotechnology, and radioactive wastes. Section III: Strengthening the Role of Major Groups includes the roles of children and youth, women, NGOs, local authorities, business and industry, and workers; and strengthening the role of indigenous peoples, their communities, and farmers. Section IV: Means of Implementation: implementation includes science, technology transfer, education, international institutions and financial mechanisms.
  • 11. Forest Principles  The informal name given to the Non-Legally Binding Authoritative Statement of Principles for a Global Consensus on the Management, Conservation and Sustainable Development of All Types of Forests  The Montreal Process, also known as the Working Group on Criteria and Indicators for the Conservation and Sustainable Management of Temperate and Boreal Forests, was started in 1994 as a result of the Forest Principles Forestry issues and opportunities should be examined in a holistic and balanced manner. Forests are essential to economic development and the maintenance of all forms of life.
  • 12. THANK YOU !!!
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