Resumen TGDT Segundo Parcial

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 14
 
  Resumen de Teoria general del derecho del trabajo, cátedra Fernando Caparros. Completisimo
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  LAS TECNICAS DE LAS QUE SE VALE EL DERECHO DEL TRABAJO 1.- DESIGUALDAD, INTERVENCION ESTATAL Y AUTONOMIA COLECTIVA. TECNICAS: Están o! nt#$#s # o%t n  & '#nt n  ( )*!(!%!o $ +os!!on s )* s  + s nt# t#sto#$o n ( n*(o (#%o#( $ + n$! nt , o #( ' nos #  $*! s $ s )*!(!%!o, o'+ ns#n$o $ #(/0n 'o$o (# $ s!/*#($#$ $ o!/ n.Son n $ !n!t!# medios para remediar la desproporción inherente a las relaciones de trabajo, de modo de garantizar no sólo la adquisición de los derechos, sino también su efectivo ejercicio y preservación. Art. 17 bis. !as desigualdades que creara esta ley a favor de una de las partes, sólo se entender n como forma de compensar otras que de por s# se dan en la relación. L#s t2n!#s son: I. V#!#%( s II. Cont!n/ nt s III.  No !$ nt!!#%( s on ( +!n!+!o +ot to, s!no )* son un modo de proteger  MEDIOS TECNICOS: Son ( on3*nto $ !nst*' ntos *t!(!4#$os +o ( o$ n#'! nto  3*$!o on ( !n $ #s /*# (#  t!!$#$ $ ( +!n!+!o +ot to!o.T2n!#s & ' $!os, #'%os son $ #át  !nst*' nt#(. 5.- EL TRABAJADOR DE6ENDIENTE, DESTINATARIO DE LA 6ROTECCI7N: T#$!!on#(' nt st#s t2n!#s +ot / n #( t#%#3#$o $ + n$! nt . E( $  8o $ ( t#%#3o s*/!9 o'o *n#  #!9n ont# ( $  8o !n$!!$*#(!st# )* + on!4#%# (# #%so(*t# (!% t#$ !/*#($#$ $ (#s +#t s, s!t*#!9n )* n (# +át!# no o*#. Est#  #!9n s 8# # t#2s $ (# !nt  n!9n st#t#(, on t#$# n *n on3*nto $ no'#s 8 t 9no'#s !'+ #t!#s )* s!! on +## n! (# & o'+ ns# (# #*tono'# $ (# o(*nt#$, $ 'o$o t#( )* ( '+( #$o, + s # s* +os!!9n $ +o$ , ! # (!'!t#$# s* s # $ (!% t#$ ont#t*#( & &# no +*$! s st#%(   *n!(#t #(' nt (#s on$!!on s $ t#%#3o.E( $  8o $ ( t#%#3o +o*9 +on  ('!t s # (# #*tono'# $ (# o(*nt#$ $ (#s +#t s  +## !'+ $!: I. L# *n!(#t #( !'+os!!9n $ on$!!on s II. L#  n*n!# $ (os $  8os +o +#t $ ( +o+!o t#%#3#$o  .- TECNICAS LIMITATIVAS DE LA AUTONOMIA DE LA VOLUNTAD: D s$ s*s o/ n s ( $  8o $ ( t#%#3o o+ 9 so%  n9' nos / n #$os +o *n#  #(!$#$ $ $ s!/*#( s. D s#t n$!9 (os '#n$#tos ' / nt s $ (#  o(*!9n #n s# & s st*t*9 so% *n $#to s n!#(: E( $ $os + son#s, (!% s !/*#( s #nt (# L &, )* s n* nt#n, s!n '%#/o, n +os!!on s %! n $!st!nt#s # (# 8o# $  ( %# ( ont#to $ t#%#3o, +o)* (# s!t*#!9n $ )*! n so(o +os s* #+#!$#$ $ t#%#3#  nt # )*! n s (t!t*(# $ (os ' $!os $ +o$*!9n s, *#n$o ' nos, !ns*!! nt +## /##nt!4# )* (  +o$*to $ s# n /o!#!9n t#$*4# (#  #( o(*nt#$ $ )*! n n  s!t# t#%#3# +## !!.  No son n  #(!$#$ !/*#( s & +o so no t! n n ( '!s'o /#$o $ (!% t#$. 1  E( $  8o $ ( t#%#3o o'+ s#  8#$# $ !/*#($#$ & s 8# #/o $ (#  #(!$#$,  +on! n$o ('!t s # (# (!% $ t '!n#!9n $ (#s (á*s*(#s $ ( ont#to $ t#%#3o. Es so' t!'! nto (!% ' nt ons nt!$o +o ( t#%#3#$o no +* $ # (#  4 t#  #+# 3#$o (# # +t#!9n $ $ !! nt s on$!!on s $ t#%#3o )* ( '+ s#!o stá n on$!!on s $ !'+on .En s* *n!9n onst!t*t!#:  E( ont#to $ t#%#3o: Es *n# !nst!t*!9n  nt#( $ (# $!s!+(!n#, )* s*+on  ono  ( +#+ (  #$o $ (# #*tono'# $ (# o(*nt#$, )* s '#n!! st# n ( #* $o $ o(*nt#$ s s /0n ( *#( (#s +#t s o'+on n s*s !nt  s s '##$#' nt ont#+* stos. Es *n t!+o $ n /o!o 3*$!o *&o  to ons!st n(#  #!9n $ *n#  (#!9n 3*$!# o%(!/#to!#. C*'+( $os *n!on s +!n!+#( s: 1; s onst!t*t!o $ $  8os & o%(!/#!on s $ (#s +#t s. 5; no'#  /*(#$o# $ (#s on$!!on s $ t#%#3o.M $!#nt s* ono'!$#$ ( t#%#3#$o nt /# s* (!% t#$ & s so' t # oto s!n o !9n, n *so $ s* #49n #*t9no'# & so(#' nt +o s ons nt!'! nto. Lo )* ( t#%#3#$o n*n# +* $ 8# , #0n on (# #n* n!# $ s* ont#t#nt , s t#t# # s n*(o $ $ + n$ n!# o'o s! no * # t#(. L# #*tono'# $ (# o(*nt#$ no t! n #+t!t*$ +## #(!!# ( n*(o. 6!'# (#  #(!$#$ & no (o )* s +on/# n ( ont#to.  L#  /(# $ (# +!'## $ (#  #(!$#$ o'o 'o$o $ (!'!t# (# #*tono'# $ (# o(*nt#$ n s* #4 onst!t*t!#: L# +!'## $ (#  #(!$#$ $# + +on$ #n!# # (os 8 8os +o so% (#s o'#s o (#s #+#! n!#s, s!no s # s n!((o %*(# (#s ' $!$#s $ +ot !9n, &# )* so(o s $## oto no'% # s ont#to. E( +!n!+!o $ (# +!'## $ (#  #(!$#$ s*%&# n ##s no'#s (#%o#( s. Ent ((#s ( At.1< $ (# LCT )* ont! n *n# +  n!9n / n #( $ $os 'o$os $ #s!9n $ no'#s !'+ #t!#s (#%o#( s, #( $!s+on  )* s á n*(o to$o ont#to  +o ( *#( (#s +#t s 8#&#n +o $!$o on s!'*(#!9n o #*$ # (# L &, n *&o #so (#  (#!9n )* $#á  /!$# +o (# L & $ ont#to $ t#%#3o.  I'+ #t!!$#$ $ ( t!+o ont#t*#(: Es *n# $ (#s '#n! st#!on s $ (#  /(#$ (# +!'## $ (#  #(!$#$. E( ont#to $ t#%#3o no s so(o *n ont#to no'!n#$o, s!no )* s *n ont#to t+!o. L#s o%(!/#!on s )* (o $ !n n s n* nt#n ##t !4#$#s & $!s!+(!n#$#s +o (# L &, +o (o )* *n#  4 #n*$#$o ( n*(o, #)* ( no s á oto )* *n ont#to $ t#%#3o $ + n$! nt , s!n + 3*!!o $ ( no'% )* (#s +#t s ( 8#&#n oto/#$o. Art. 21. — Contrato de trabajo. Habrá contrato de trabajo, cualquiera sea su forma o denominación… En s* *n!9n  /*(#$o#:E( ont#to $ t#%#3o n#n# (# $o%( *n!9n $ onst!t*! (#  (#!9n $ t#%#3o o%(!/#to!# & (# $  /*(# s* ont n!$o, & s n o#s!9n $ !3# (#s on$!!on s $ t#%#3o = /*(# s* ont n!$o; )* (# #*tono'# $ (# o(*nt#$ *'+( so(o *n +#+ (  s!$*#(, &# )* (# $ t '!n#!9n $ (#s + st#!on s ont#t*#( s o% $  n, n (# / n #(!$#$ $ (os #sos, # (o + s!to +o (#s no'#s st#t#( s & o( t!#s + >!st nt s & >t#ont#t*#( s )* !nt ! n n ( ont#to o'o 'o$o $ +ot /  #( t#%#3#$o, (!'!t#n$o no so(o (# o(*nt#$ $ (#s +#t s & (os +o$  s $ ( '+( #$o, s!no t#'%!2n  st!n/! n$o (# (!% #+(!#!9n $ (#s ( & s $ ' #$o. 2   V!n*(#!9n on ( o$ n +0%(!o: Q* (#s +#t s +#t n on$!!on s $ t#%#3o ' nos #o#%( s )* (#s + !st#s +o (# no'#t!# (#%o#( stá +o8!%!$o  + !s#' nt +o)* s#s no'#s !/no#$#s son $ o$ n +0%(!o, ( *#( t! n +o *n!9n &  to,  st!n/! (# #*tono'# $ (# o(*nt#$. E( ont n!$o $ ( o$ n  +0%(!o s (o )*  st!n/ (# #*tono'# $ (# o(*nt#$.  R st!!on s #%so(*t#s $ (# #*tono'# $ (# o(*nt#$: L#  st!!9n # (# #*tono'# $ (# (!% t#$ s #%so(*t# *#n$o nos n nt#'os on no'#s )* no #$'!t n n s nt!$o #(/*no s* 'o$!!#!9n. No to( #n s   o'#$#s n! s!)*! # # #o $ ( t#%#3#$o. L# '#t !# )* ((#s  /*(#n  s*(t# !n'*n # (# #!9n $ (os #to s o( t!os o !n$!!$*#( s, s! n$o so(o 'o$!!#%( s +o #!9n $ ( ( /!s(#$o. Son 3 '+(os ( At.5?@ )* st#%(  *n# + s!+!9n $ $os #os +## (#s #!on s o ( At.5@ )* st#%(  )* (os +!!( /!os so(o +* $ n  s*(t# $ (# L &.  R st!!on s  (#t!#s $ (# #*tono'# $ (# o(*nt#$: S (!'!t# n o'#  (#t!# (# #*tono'# $ (# (!% t#$ +o ' $!o $ $!s+os!t!os +ot#$o s $ 'n!'os & 'á>!'os $ $  8os n  s#!os, )* #$'!t n n /o!#!9n o( t!# !n$!!$*#(, s! '+ )* s  s+ t n (os ('!t s st#%( !$os. Son 3 '+(os ( At. )* *('!n# $ n*(!$#$ (os +#tos  ( %#$os nt (#s  +#t s on on$!!on s ' nos #o#%( s )* (#s + !st#s +o (# no'#t!# & ( At1 )* s*+on (# !nt /#!9n #*to'át!# $ ( #o )* +oo# (# n*(!$#$ on (#s no'#s o%3 t!#s.  S*+* sto $ (# $!s+on!%!(!$#$ o( t!#: Es *n# > +!9n # (# +o8!%!!9n reformatio in peius = '+ o#'! nto; $ (os % n !!os  ono!$os #( t#%#3#$o n (#s no'#s +o ot#s $ !n !o #t /o#. H#& no'#s ( /#( s )* #$'!t n s* $ s+(#4#'! nto, #0n + &o#t!o, # '#nos $ (# #*tono'# o( t!#, (o *#( s #+#t# $ (#  /(# $ (# no'# 'n!'#. S!n + 3*!!o )* (# no'# ( /#( #$'!t# s* $ s+(#4#'! nto +o (# no'# on n!on#(, ons #á s* !'+ #t!!$#$ $ ## #( 3 !!o $ (# #*tono'# !n$!!$*#(. 6o 3 '+(o (# L & 5<<@ $ 6&' s + '!t (# 'o$!!#!9n $ o'#(!$#$ s,  )*!s!tos, #!sos & o+ot*n!$#$ $ /o $ ##!on s.  L# ((#'#$# $!s+on!%!(!$#$ !n$!!$*#(: 6o ' $!o $ st  n9' no (# #*tono'# $ (# o(*nt#$ !n$!!$*#( $ 3# $ t n  *n +#+ (  s!$*#( (!'!t#$o# (os s+#!os no o*+#$os +o (#s no'#s !'+ #t!#s st#t#( s & o( t!#s, & $ ' 3o# $ (os 'n!'os & 'á>!'os n  s#!os. 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