Reconstruction of religious thought 16 Sep 2014

Please download to get full document.

View again

All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
 11
 
  1. THE RECONSTRUCTION OF RELIGIOUS THOUGHT IN ISLAM 2. INTRODUCTION ã The reconstruction is one of the very few precious Muslim works available today for a meaningful…
Related documents
Share
Transcript
  • 1. THE RECONSTRUCTION OF RELIGIOUS THOUGHT IN ISLAM
  • 2. INTRODUCTION • The reconstruction is one of the very few precious Muslim works available today for a meaningful discourse on Islam at the international forum of learning • Allama’s bracketing ‘science’ with ‘God-consciousness’– more precious than mere belief in God takes empirical view of the religion and removes the Magian overlaying from the religion • Promotion of Islam’s communication with its own manifestation elsewhere is, perhaps, today, historically speaking, an indispensable part of Muslims’ own ‘proper understanding of the meaning of Islam’
  • 3. AIM To deliberate and understand the purpose and need of The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam
  • 4. NEED FOR RECONSTRUCTION • In fact, the exigency of the writing was due to state of despair into which Muslims religio-philosophic tradition had fallen • Muslims in the end were, thus, left with ‘a worn-out’ or ‘practically a dead metaphysics’ with ‘a deadening effect on the modern mind’ • Allama Iqbal felt that Islam was to have an opportunity ‘to mobilize its law, its education, its culture, and to bring them into closer contact with its own original spirit and with the spirit of modern times’
  • 5. SPANGLER'S CRITICISM ON ISLAM • Spengler’s pronouncements such as these: ‘The history of Western knowledge is thus one of progressive emancipation from classical thought’ • ‘The symbol of the west . . . is the (mathematical) idea of function’; ‘Not until the theory of functions was evolved’ could it become possible for us to have ‘our dynamic Western physics’ • Allama was completely dissatisfied with the very central thesis of The Decline of The West ‘that cultures, as organic structures, are completely alien to one another’
  • 6. • Spengler’s allegation that ‘the culture of Islam is thoroughly Magian in spirit and character • Spengler failed to perceive in the idea of finality of Prophet hood closure of all doors for psychological and cultural progress
  • 7. FAILURES OF MUSLIM SCHOLASTICS AND MYSTICS • Muslims thought process is practically stationary for the last 6 centuries • Mystics are fact denying and life avoiding
  • 8. ALLAMA’S REPLIES • Anti-classicism of the Muslim thinkers, which found its clearest expression in the work of the very brilliant Ibn-Khaldun • Nor is there any reference, in The Decline of the West, to al- Birinui’s ‘theory of functions’, clearly enunciated in his Al-Qanun al-Masudi, six hundred years before Fermat and Descartes • Allama strongly felt, that blinded Spengler to the undeniable Muslim influences or ingredients in the development of European culture
  • 9. • Allama Iqbal did recognize the historical fact that Islam imported some concepts and a ‘religious experience- as reflected, for instance, in some esoteric traditions in Muslim theology and in certain theosophical and occultist tendencies in Sufism- from these earlier cultures in the period of its expansion as also in later periods especially when the conquered became conquerors culturally
  • 10. • Finality of Prophet hood is a psychological cure ‘all personal authority claiming a supernatural origin came to an end in the history of man’ • And its cultural value at ‘the constant appeal to reason and experience in the Quran, and the emphasis that it lays on Nature and history as sources of human knowledge are . . . different aspects of the same idea of finality’
  • 11. PERCEPTIVE WESTERN READERS OF THE RECONSTRUCTION • Allama’s idea of ‘the birth or awakening of inductive intellect’ a middle term between ‘Islam’ and ‘modern science’, even as one is also to notice Allama’s bracketing ‘science’ with ‘God-consciousness’ • Sense perception and intuition as two modes of acquiring the knowledge ‘therefore, scientific observation of nature keeps us in close contact with the behavior of Reality, and thus sharpens our inner perception for a deeper vision of it’
  • 12. COMPARATIVE ANALYTICAL THOUGHTS • Basic purpose of Quran is to link human with universe & God organically • Asharia’s Atomism vs modern Atomism • Ibn Maskawaih’s biological and spiritual evolution Vs Darwinism • Iraqi on the plurality of the space orders and time orders Vs Alexander’s peculiarly difficult two-volume Space, Time and Diety • Shah Wali Ullah’s Prophetic method of building up a universal Shariah Vs Globalization
  • 13. • Rumi’ and of his being ‘far more true to the spirit of Islam than’, say, ‘Ghazali’. • Mutazilla’s reason Vs pure reason of the West • Iqbal’s admission - ‘Alexander’s thought is much bolder than mine’ • Comparison of Abdal-Krim al-Jilil’s Perfect man Vs Nietzsche's Superman or ideal man of Plato and Morgenthau • Prophet’s psycho analysis Vs Freud's psycho analysis
  • 14. MAJOR PHILOSOPHICAL PARADIGM SHIFTS • Berkeley's despised the sense perception and declared “universe is an illusion” • Rene Descartes “I can think that’s why I am” • Baruch Spinoza “I feel therefore I am” 'Science is proving Spinoza more current'' Dr. Damasio • Simone Weil “I can therefore why I am” • Allama Iqbal “Religion is not a departmental affair; it is neither mere thought, nor mere feeling, nor mere action; it is an expression of the whole man”
  • 15. FUTURE COURSE OF ACTION • To form Spiritual democracy – Spiritual interpretation of the universe in the context of metaphysics and Para-psychological experiences of the revelations, apoclapcies, clear voinces, dreams (time travels) with their life forming fruits – Spiritual emancipation of the masses in the context of ego’s-creative freedom for spiritual enterprise setting the political ideals to develop culture, art, history, science, comedy, tragedy, astronomy, all kinds of poetry, music, dance etc.
  • 16. – Spiritual evolution of the society in the context of political ideals of equality, liberty, fraternity, association, accommodation, sacrifices, charities, eco and social well being
  • 17. CONCLUSION
  • Related Search
    We Need Your Support
    Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

    Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

    No, Thanks