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  1. BACK TO SCHOOL Three Approaches to Glossing and Their Effects on Vocabualry Learning Presenter: Ginny Tang Instructor: Dr. Teresa Hsu Date: April 13, 2015 1 2. Back to…
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  • 1. BACK TO SCHOOL Three Approaches to Glossing and Their Effects on Vocabualry Learning Presenter: Ginny Tang Instructor: Dr. Teresa Hsu Date: April 13, 2015 1
  • 2. Back to school 2 Citation Huang, L. L., & Lin, C. C. (2014). Three approaches to glossing and their effects on vocabulary learning. System, 44(1), 127-136.
  • 3. Contents Back to school 3 • Discussion • Conclusion • Reflection • Introduction • Literature Review • Methodology • Results
  • 4. Back to school Introduction 4  Background  Purpose of the Study  Research Questions
  • 5. Back to school 5  Background It seems clear that glossing can increase the possibility of learning correct word meaning in context. First glossing words and then retrieving their meanings was not significantly more effective than only glossing words. (Rott,2007)
  • 6. Back to school 6  Purpose of Study To investigate the effect of combining glossing with inferring or meaning retrieval on vocabulary learning
  • 7. Back to school 7  Research Questions 1. Do glossing preceded by inference, glossing followed by retrieval and full glossing interventions affect vocabulary learning differently? 2. Does response accuracy of inference and retrieval predict vocabulary learning differently?
  • 8. Literature Review Gloss : provide an interlinear translation of a word or phrase 8
  • 9. Back to school Literature Review 9 Using glosses provides support in unhelpful contexts, but it might deprive the reader of an opportunity of infer, thus reducing the amount of processing. (Watanabe, 1997)
  • 10. When learners retrieve and encoded meaning in their mental lexicon , this may foster meaning retention. (Rott, 2007) Literature Review 10
  • 11. Back to school 11 The total was 124. Six of them didn’t finish the delayed posttest. Participants 118 university students 88 females 30 males High- intermediate level Rang from 75.45 to 78.51
  • 12. Back to school 12 Target words • Target words included eight low-frequency nouns, 7-11 letters long. Target words • 3 online articles • 2 articles from CNN Interactive English Magazine Material
  • 13. Instruments Vocabulary pretest Vocabulary posttest • A checklist to check every word whether knowing the word • Provide its Chinese translation • Immediate and delayed • Form , meaning and recognition recall tests. 13
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  • 16. Vocabulary Pretest Computer reading instructions Reading comprehension Back to school Comprehension Test Immediate posttests Delayed posttest A session: 30 minutes 1. Form recall test 2. Meaning recall test 3. Meaning cognition test 16
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  • 18. Results Back to school 18 Gloss-retrieval-gloss condition may be superior than the other two conditions. The mean test score after correct responses were higher. Effects of the intervention
  • 19. Gloss-retrieval-gloss group yielded the most vocabulary learning and retention. 19
  • 20. FR: Form Recall MR: Meaning Recall REC: Meaning recognition In gloss-retrieval-gloss condition, a significant difference was only observed for the IM form recall test. In inference-gloss-gloss condition, it played a significant role in delayed form recall and IM meaning recall performance. 20
  • 21. BACK TO SCHOOL Full glossing • Generated the least vocabulary learning Gloss- retrieval-gloss • Had the best results of form and meaning learning • Helped to retain the meaning learning more effectively Inference- gloss- gloss • Requires learners to draw on wider knowledge sources to derive meanings that • Tend to be vague and error-prone 21
  • 22. 1. The findings support the advantages of correct form-meaning establishment. 2. Not only to emphasize the meaning given method 3. Meaning assistance is crucial to the initial form-meaning connection and retrieval verification 22
  • 23. To learn efficiently depends on a learner’s learning model. The better way is to put into practice what has been learned. 23
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  • 25. You have to believe in yourself . That's the secret of success. (Charles Chaplin , American actor ) 25
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