PEAT PRODUCTION AND ITS REGULATION IN THE BALTIC STATES

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  PEAT PRODUCTION AND ITS REGULATION IN THE BALTIC STATES. Erki Niitlaan Estonian Peat Association. PEAT PRODUCTION AND ITS REGULATION IN THE BALTIC STATES. dfsgsfdg. Tallinn 17 . 09. 200 7, “ MAEGS”. PEAT PRODUCTION AND ITS REGULATION IN THE BALTIC STATES. dfsgsfdg.
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PEAT PRODUCTION AND ITS REGULATION IN THE BALTIC STATES Erki Niitlaan Estonian Peat Association PEAT PRODUCTION AND ITS REGULATION IN THE BALTIC STATES dfsgsfdg Tallinn 17.09.2007, “MAEGS” PEAT PRODUCTION AND ITS REGULATION IN THE BALTIC STATES dfsgsfdg Tallinn 17.09.2007, “MAEGS” PEAT PRODUCTION AND ITS REGULATION IN THE BALTIC STATES dfsgsfdg Tallinn 17.09.2007, “MAEGS” PEAT PRODUCTION AND ITS REGULATION IN THE BALTIC STATES Tallinn 17.09.2007, “MAEGS” Total area 45 226 km² Peatland 9 353 km² Total area 64 589 km² Peatland 7 385 km² Total area 65 200 km² Peatland 2 433 km² PEAT PRODUCTION AND ITS REGULATION IN THE BALTIC STATES Total area 45 226 km² Peatland 9 353 km² Total area 64 589 km² Peatland 7 385 km² Total area 65 200 km² Peatland 2 433 km² Tallinn 17.09.2007, “MAEGS” PEAT PRODUCTION AND ITS REGULATION IN THE BALTIC STATES Estonia - 21,7% Total area 45 226 km² Peatland 9 353 km² Latvia - 11,7% Total area 64 589 km² Peatland 7 385 km² Lithuania - 3,8% Total area 65 200 km² Peatland 2 433 km² Tallinn 17.09.2007, “MAEGS” PEAT PRODUCTION AND ITS REGULATION IN THE BALTIC STATES Estonia - 21,7% Tallinn 17.09.2007, “MAEGS” Total area 45 226 km² Peatland 9 353 km² Latvia - 11,7% Total area 64 589 km² Peatland 7 385 km² Lithuania - 3,8% Total area 65 200 km² Peatland 2 433 km² PEAT PRODUCTION AND ITS REGULATION IN THE BALTIC STATES Tallinn 17.09.2007, “MAEGS” Mires and Peat, Volume 1 (2006) Article 01 PEAT PRODUCTION AND ITS REGULATION IN THE BALTIC STATES Total area of Baltic states all together is 171 015 km² and peatlands cover 19 171 km² For peat production currently is in use aprox. 500 km² in other words 2,5 % Tallinn 17.09.2007, “MAEGS” PEAT PRODUCTION AND ITS REGULATION IN THE BALTIC STATES Total area of Baltic states all together is 171 015 km² and peatlands cover 19 171 km² For peat production currently is in use aprox. 500 km² in other words 2,5 % Tallinn 17.09.2007, “MAEGS” PEAT PRODUCTION AND ITS REGULATION IN THE BALTIC STATES Average production (in last 5 years) Estonia - 1 000 thousand t, Latvia - 700 thousand t, Lithuania - 450 thousand t Tallinn 17.09.2007, “MAEGS” PEAT PRODUCTION AND ITS REGULATION IN THE BALTIC STATES In all Baltic countries peat extraction is regulated by law: - Earth’s Crust Act (Estonia) - Subsoil Use Law (Latvia) - Underground Law (Lithuania) Tallinn 17.09.2007, “MAEGS” According to law for peat extraction is needed a permit or license. Permits are issued by: - Ministry of the Environment (Estonia) - Environmental, Geological and Meteorological Agency (Latvia) - Government of the Lithuanian Republic (Lithuania) PEAT PRODUCTION AND ITS REGULATION IN THE BALTIC STATES In all Baltic countries the right to extract mineral recourses is connected to right to use a land necessary for it. Land can be rented from the private owner, local government or from state. Tallinn 17.09.2007, “MAEGS” Permitting process is open for everybody whose interests can be influenced by a decision to satisfy or deny the application of permit. The issuer of the extraction permit has the right to initiate an evaluation of the environmental impact of the planned activity. PEAT PRODUCTION AND ITS REGULATION IN THE BALTIC STATES Before the extraction company must carry out a geological survey and prove the recourses. In some cases it’s done by state. Tallinn 17.09.2007, “MAEGS” No permits are issued to nature protection or NATURA 2000 or heritage protection areas, etc. A resource tax has to be paid to state for peat extraction. In Estonia, the Government of the Republic has established a quota for the annual production of peat. Opening of new production areas will be possible only after the exhaustion and putting in order of existing areas. PEAT PRODUCTION AND ITS REGULATION IN THE BALTIC STATES THANK YOU ! Tallinn 17.09.2007, “MAEGS”
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