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  Which cooperation opportunities between Latin American and European organizations dealing with Disaster Risk Reduction and Earth Observation?
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  • 1. 1LAMPRE | Cooperation EU-LAC |Universidad de Costa Rica | 19-22 Jan 2015 COOPERATION EU-LAC ON NATURAL HAZARDS UMBERTO PERNICE
  • 2. 2LAMPRE | Cooperation EU-LAC |Universidad de Costa Rica | 19-22 Jan 2015 GOAL OF THE SPEECH Provide an overview of the new EU-LAC Cooperation Programmes [funding Instruments] for the period 2014-2020… …to stimulate international cooperation between LAMPRE partners and Latin American organizations in the field of Natural Hazards adopting a Disaster Risk Reduction approach and Earth Observation technologies.
  • 3. 3LAMPRE | Cooperation EU-LAC |Universidad de Costa Rica | 19-22 Jan 2015 NATURAL HAZARD IN LA Latin America is highly vulnerable to climate change and to natural disasters due to: • Geography • Distribution of population • Infrastructures • Economic reliance on fragile natural resources. Increased high-intensity cyclones, reduced arable land and the loss of low- lying regions are just some of the possible consequences for Latin America and the Caribbean [LAC] if global temperatures were to rise 4°C by 2100, according to the new study “Turning Down the Heat”1 Source: Climate Change and Extreme Weather Events in Latin America: An Exposure Index Adrián Garlati, January 2013 1 World Bank Group, 2014. Turn Down the Heat: Confronting the New Climate Normal. Washington Distribution of Natural Disasters in LA [1970-2011]
  • 4. 4LAMPRE | Cooperation EU-LAC |Universidad de Costa Rica | 19-22 Jan 2015 RESILIENCE TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN LA LA regions must increase their resilience to climate change by: • Ensuring the region's infrastructure can withstand the new climatic 'extremes' • Growing a wider variety of crops which perform well in droughts, floods and heat • Prioritizing land use to preserve and manage multiple threats • Implementing emergency response plans and early-warning alert systems • Developing social safety nets and insurance to protect the region's most vulnerable groups • Sharing best practices and information systems between countries Sources: R. Landa et al., Cambio climatico y desarrollo sustentable, 2010; ECLAC, Climate Change. A regional perspective, 2010.
  • 5. 5LAMPRE | Cooperation EU-LAC |Universidad de Costa Rica | 19-22 Jan 2015 COSTA RICA: CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACT… …on natural hazard vulnerability: • 6.8% of total area exposed to three or more adverse natural events • 77.9% of population and 80.1% of the country’s GDP ($29 billion annually) reside in areas at high risk of multiple hazards • Part of this vulnerability has to do with the presence of populations in areas prone to volcanic eruptions and in unstable lands, or in poorly planned settlements prone to landslides and flooding • Climate change and climate-related extreme weather events endanger agricultural production, biodiversity, and human settlements Source: GFDRR and ISDR. Costa Rica Disaster Risk Management Programs for Priority Countries, 2010
  • 6. 6LAMPRE | Cooperation EU-LAC |Universidad de Costa Rica | 19-22 Jan 2015 COSTA RICA: FLOODS AND LANDSLIDES • 2001-2008: floods and storms have had the highest human and economic impact with 106,000 people affected by floods (8 events) and $106 million of cost of damages. • 2005: landslides caused damage to agricultural fields and areas covered with primary forest. • Oct. 2007: during the heavy rains, a total of 14 people died in a landslide in the city of Atenas. • Feb. 2009: heavy rains affected the Pacific Coast and Central Valley and caused floods and landslides in 65 counties, with 18 deaths, at least 27 major roads and 2,000 homes flooded in the northern province of Guanacaste. Source: CCAD and SICA. Regional Strategy on Climate Change, 2010 Image from costa-rica-is-prone-to-landslides/32088 • Jan. 2009: after the earthquake, a landslide killed at least 10 people in Cinchona (west of San José).
  • 7. 7LAMPRE | Cooperation EU-LAC |Universidad de Costa Rica | 19-22 Jan 2015 DRM IN COSTA RICA • Despite its high exposure to adverse natural events, Costa Rica is trying to build an efficient disaster response system and has managed to limit vulnerabilities through the effective enforcement of building codes, environmental standards, and land use planning and guidelines.(1) • Substantial progress in mainstreaming disaster risk management in its national development program and adaptation to climate change.(1) • Signatory to the HFA 2005-2015(2) involving all different sectors and actors to reduce disaster losses and rebuild resilience (2) Source: Disaster Risk Management in Latin America and the Caribbean Region: GFDRR Country Notes, Costa Rica. The World Bank, 2010 (1) Source: Vulnerability, Risk Reduction, and Adaptation to Climate Change, GFDRR, April 2011
  • 8. 8LAMPRE | Cooperation EU-LAC |Universidad de Costa Rica | 19-22 Jan 2015 EU-LAC JOINT INITIATIVE FOR R&I The EU is seeking to strengthen its well- established ties with the region. The EU is the leading investor in the region, the 2nd largest trading partner after the USA. and a major provider of development cooperation assistance. The ’EU-LAC Joint Initiative for R&I’ supports the development of the ‘EU-LAC Knowledge Area’ by improving cooperation in research and innovation, following the ’EU-CELAC’ action plan. Main instruments: DCI, HORIZON 2020
  • 9. 9LAMPRE | Cooperation EU-LAC |Universidad de Costa Rica | 19-22 Jan 2015 EU-CELAC ACTION PLAN Priority 2: sustainable development, environment, climate change, biodiversity, energy Cooperation activities and initiatives: • Strengthen bi-regional cooperation in the field of environment and DRR and management • Exchange experiences and information between countries and regions to facilitate the design of adaptation and mitigation strategies and policies. Expected results: • Improved knowledge on problems and consequences of climate change including vulnerability and risk assessment, biodiversity loss and environment issues, and integration of these issues into sustainable development and climate adaptation strategies and activities. • Strengthened capacities and emergency networks to prevent and address the effect of natural disasters.
  • 10. 10LAMPRE | Cooperation EU-LAC |Universidad de Costa Rica | 19-22 Jan 2015 EU ACTORS ECHO – EC Humanitarian aid and Civil Protection department - aims to save and preserve life, prevent and alleviate human suffering and safeguard the integrity and dignity of populations affected by disasters. Headquarter in Brussels, global network of field offices, ECHO ensures rapid and effective delivery of EU relief assistance through its two main instruments: humanitarian aid (DIPECHO programme) and civil protection. ECHO has built up the European mechanism for disaster response inside & outside the EU. DG DEVCO - Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development - is responsible for designing European international cooperation and development policy and delivering aid throughout the world.
  • 11. 11LAMPRE | Cooperation EU-LAC |Universidad de Costa Rica | 19-22 Jan 2015 ECHO'S DRR FUNDING YEAR 2013 DRR Funded activities Source: ECHO Factsheet DRR Funding per Region (by % of DRR funding allocated) DRR Partners (per number of projects funded) • Technical surveys: mapping of villages/risks/structures • Institutional building: reinforce regional information sharing and coordination • Early warning systems: collection of hydrometric data, communication systems, awareness signs • Small-scale mitigation works
  • 12. 12LAMPRE | Cooperation EU-LAC |Universidad de Costa Rica | 19-22 Jan 2015 EU-LAC REG. COOPER. PROGRAMMES: 2007-2013 EU-LAC Regional Cooperation Priorities • Social cohesion • Promotion of higher education and research • Sustainable development, including climate change • Etc.
  • 13. 13LAMPRE | Cooperation EU-LAC |Universidad de Costa Rica | 19-22 Jan 2015 EU-LAC REG. COOPER. PROGRAMMES: Sustainable development, including climate change • EUROCLIMA: enabling EU-LA cooperation on climate-change-related problems • EURO-SOLAR: promoting the use of renewable energy and Internet connectivity • FLEGT South America: fostering forest law enforcement, governance and trade • RALCEA: supporting the setting up of a network of knowledge centres in the water sector • WATERCLIMA: river basins and coastal management in the context of climate change.
  • 14. 14LAMPRE | Cooperation EU-LAC |Universidad de Costa Rica | 19-22 Jan 2015 EUROCLIMA PROGRAMME • Three components implemented by Five partners: EU- LATIN AMERICAN POLICY DIALOGUE ON CLIMATE CHANGE. ADAPTATION AND MITIGATION “NO-REGRETS” MEASURES AND/OR WITH CO-BENEFITS. DESERTIFICATION AND SOIL DEGRADATION MEASURES. SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE, FOOD SECURITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE. • Facilitates the integration of climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies and measures into Latin American public development policies and plans at national and (sub) regional levels. • Funding for 2014-2016 already assigned!
  • 15. 15LAMPRE | Cooperation EU-LAC |Universidad de Costa Rica | 19-22 Jan 2015 CAPRA Central America Probabilistic Risk Assessment Program Duration: 2008 - on-going Partners • CEPREDENAC • UNISDR • IADB • World Bank • SFLAC • Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade of the Australian Government • GFDRR Objectives: It aims to strengthen the institutional capacity for assessing, understanding and communicating disaster risk, and to integrate disaster risk information into development policies and programs. Results: • Technical Assistance Projects (TAPs) in disaster risk assessment. Government institutions and other agencies partner with the World Bank address specific development challenges and meet disaster risk information needs through practical trainings and complementary services
  • 16. 16LAMPRE | Cooperation EU-LAC |Universidad de Costa Rica | 19-22 Jan 2015 CAPRA Results: • Software platform for risk assessment includes hazard mapping tools or add-ons to connect with existing hazard tools, risk assessment and cost- benefit analysis. • CAPRA can also be used to design risk-financing strategies. Central America Probabilistic Risk Assessment Program
  • 17. 17LAMPRE | Cooperation EU-LAC |Universidad de Costa Rica | 19-22 Jan 2015 RAPCA Duration: 1999 – on-going Regional Action Programme Central America Partners • UNESCO • CEPREDENAC • ITC • Dutch government. Objectives: • Training of professionals from Central America in the use of GIS and Remote Sensing techniques for Natural Hazard, Vulnerability and Risk Assessment • Development of a series of pilot studies in Central America used as illustrative case studies on the use of GIS and RS for disaster prevention at the local level • Transfer of the results (case studies and training package) to other professionals. Results • Knowledge and networking for several professionals to promote scientific methodologies to analyze geo-data and risk phenomena.
  • 18. 18LAMPRE | Cooperation EU-LAC |Universidad de Costa Rica | 19-22 Jan 2015 DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION INSTRUMENT DCI- multiannual indicative programme 2014-2020 Presented on Nov 2014, with calls to be published shortly. Total budget for LA: € 924 mln. in two components: 1. Activities at continental level (€805 mln.) • Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela 2. Sub-regional programme for Central America (€120 mln.) • Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama.
  • 19. 19LAMPRE | Cooperation EU-LAC |Universidad de Costa Rica | 19-22 Jan 2015 DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION INSTRUMENT 1. Activities at continental level 2. Sub-regional programme for Central America focus on priority areas requiring joint cooperation efforts between both regions: • Security-development nexus • Good Governance, Accountability and Social Equity • Inclusive and sustainable growth for human development • Higher education • Environmental sustainability and climate change key development challenges at sub-regional level, focuses on: • Regional Economic Integration • Security and the Rule of Law • Climate change and disaster management (€ 35 mln)
  • 20. 20LAMPRE | Cooperation EU-LAC |Universidad de Costa Rica | 19-22 Jan 2015 DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION INSTRUMENT Climate change and disaster management (€35 mln) Objective: contribute to building more resilient and sustainable societies through a better preparation of the region to address climate change. Results Indicators* Reinforce the implementation at regional and national level of proper disaster risk reduction plans. Level of disaster management coordination at regional level in CA countries. Strengthen research, data collection and promote information exchange (including early warning systems) on reducing and managing disaster risk among national and regional institutions. • Number of CA countries with updated disaster management coordination networking. • Number of regional DRR plans for vulnerable coastal cities due to climate change. Reinforce capacities to take over from humanitarian aid operations attending victims of large-scale or recurrent disasters. Number of CA countries where disaster early warning systems are in place at intra-regional level. *Means of verification: CEPREDENAC information systems
  • 21. 21LAMPRE | Cooperation EU-LAC |Universidad de Costa Rica | 19-22 Jan 2015 HORIZON 2020: RELEVANT OPEN CALLS DRS-01-2015: Crisis management topic 1: potential of current and new measures and technologies to respond to extreme weather and climate events DRS-22-2015: Ethical/Societal Dimension topic 3: Impact of climate change in third countries on Europe's security EO-1-2015: Bringing EO applications to the market EO-2-2015: Stimulating wider research use of Copernicus Sentinel Data p/en/opportunities/index.html
  • 22. 22LAMPRE | Cooperation EU-LAC |Universidad de Costa Rica | 19-22 Jan 2015 LAC: ACTORS FOR COOPERATION CEPREDENAC - CENTRO DE COORDINACIÓN PARA LA PREVENCIÓN DE LOS DESASTRES NATURALES EN AMÉRICA CENTRAL • Promotes and coordinates international cooperation and exchange of information, experience and technical and scientific advice on prevention, mitigation, care and disaster response. It promoted the Regional Plan for Disaster Reduction (PRRD) CCAD - CENTRAL AMERICAN COMMISSION ON ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT and [SICA] SYSTEM FOR THE INTEGRATION OF CENTRAL AMERICA • They mange the Regional Strategy on Climate Change CSUCA - CONSEJO SUPERIOR UNIVERSITARIO CENTROAMERICANO • Works in several regional cooperation in scientific research (including University Programs for Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation in Central America), university-business sector relationship, etc. CRID - CENTRO REGIONAL DE INFORMACIÓN SOBRE DESASTRES • Collection and dissemination of information available on disasters in LAC (composed by OPS/OMS, ONU/EIRD, CNE, FICR, CEPREDENAC) ROLAC - REGIONAL OFFICE FOR LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN • Works closely with humanitarian and government partners to strengthen disaster preparedness and response in the region.
  • 23. 23LAMPRE | Cooperation EU-LAC |Universidad de Costa Rica | 19-22 Jan 2015 IMN - INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE METEOROLOGIA DE COSTA RICA • It outlines research related to the GHG inventory, vulnerability studies, and analysis of mitigation and adaptation measures. CNE - COMISIÓN NACIONAL DE PREVENCIÓN DE RIESGOS Y ATENCIÓN DE EMERGENCIAS • It developed the National Plan for Risk Management 2010–2015 CCCC - COMISIÓN CONSULTIVA DE CAMBIO CLIMÁTICO • It fosters inter-sectoral dialogue on adaptation and mitigation policies and measures for climate change COSTA RICA: ACTORS FOR COOPERATION
  • 24. 24LAMPRE | Cooperation EU-LAC |Universidad de Costa Rica | 19-22 Jan 2015 CONCLUSIONS • To join forces globally to tackle global challenges in Disaster Resilience and Climate Change • To strengthen collaboration with European partners for research and innovation in Earth Observation technologies applied to natural hazards • To exchange knowledge produced in Europe and LAC and gain (reciprocal) access to new markets For H2020: Costa Rica and all LAC automatically eligible non-EU applicants Source: EC Which benefits from international cooperation with LAMPRE partners? Countries with most participation in H2020
  • 25. 25LAMPRE | Cooperation EU-LAC |Universidad de Costa Rica | 19-22 Jan 2015 QUESTIONS? Thank you for your attention Thank you for your attention
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