Experience in dairy policy development in Assam

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  The presentation shares the experience in developing dairy sector related policy for the state of Assam (India). It’s a short presentation tailored to the audience (Research scholars in social science) and the occasion (A national seminar focusing on Management of Rural Development in India’s North East, organized by Department of Business Administration, Tezpur University )
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  • 1. Experiences of Policy development for dairy sector in Assam Dr.M.Islam Barbaruah Managing Rural Development in North East India: Perspective, Policies and Experiences Tezpur, Nov 7-8, 2014
  • 2. Assam Dairy Sector : At a glance • Assam with 70 gm / day ranks 32 out of the 36 Indian states in terms of per capita milk availability. ( Constant rank ! ) • Per capita milk consumption per day ( State average ) 55 gm against national average of 247 gm / day and ICMR guideline of 208 gm per day. • Livestock population is showing a negative growth-trend for indigenous cattle, buffalo. • Productivity of crossbred cattle in the State is 3.68 lit of milk per animal per day, compared to India’s average of 6.84 lit per animal, per day. • Percent cross-bred population is < 5% ( Total 8.25 m) • Overall approximate cost of production of milk around Guwahati Rs.12.95 per lit against Indian average of Rs.9.2 per lit. ( High import dependency for feed and UHT milk ) • >95% milk is traded through informal sector. • There is 33% increase in price of un-processed livestock products in Guwahati city (2006, ILRI ) Managing Rural Development in North East India: Perspective, Policies and Experiences Tezpur, Nov 7-8, 2014
  • 3. : GENERATION OF EMPLOYMENT EMPLOYMENT IN ASSAM’S DAIRY SECTOR –A QUICK GLANCE TO STATISTICS. ( 1999-00 Computed from unit level NSSO) Rural Urban All Rural(%) Urban(%) 35000 27000 62000 57 43 Scheduled Caste Scheduled Tribes Other Backward classes Others 8.9 9.2 26.6 55.3 % DISTRIBUTION ACROSS SOCIAL GROUP
  • 4. Where are we? Managing Rural Development in North East India: Perspective, Policies and Experiences Tezpur, Nov 7-8, 2014
  • 5. The Vision Managing Rural Development in North East India: Perspective, Policies and Experiences Tezpur, Nov 7-8, 2014
  • 6. The priority issues : • Breed development vis a vis Importation of cattle / semen. • Streamlining of unorganized sector (Creating demand for local milk and milk products ! ). • Credit flow vis a vis sustainability of enterprises within the value chain. • Decreasing population vis a vis illegal trade of productive dairy animals. • Feed resource availability vis a vis market competitiveness of local enterprises. • Availability of Technical / Supervisory manpower. • Veterinary Service delivery and Public health. Managing Rural Development in North East India: Perspective, Policies and Experiences Tezpur, Nov 7-8, 2014
  • 7. Example of debate on Service delivery: The 5 A’s of Service Delivery vis a vis The last mile problem • Availability • Accessibility • Acceptability • Adequacy • Affordability Managing Rural Development in North East India: Perspective, Policies and Experiences Tezpur, Nov 7-8, 2014
  • 8. Example of debate on Public Health • Control of contagious and Zoonotic diseases • Nutrition. • Food Safety • Drug Resistance • Animal Welfare Managing Rural Development in North East India: Perspective, Policies and Experiences Tezpur, Nov 7-8, 2014
  • 9. Managing Rural Development in North East India: Perspective, Policies and Experiences Tezpur, Nov 7-8, 2014 Key drawback of Policy development in NER of India
  • 10. Managing Rural Development in North East India: Perspective, Policies and Experiences Tezpur, Nov 7-8, 2014
  • 11. The Managerial perspective for change in Dairy Sector : • Leadership ( e.g. Visioning, Stakeholder engagement, Policy & Planning ) • Development Project Management ( The complete cycle ! ) • Agriculture Public Expenditure Review. • Cost and trade competitiveness analysis. • Demand and Supply analysis. • Entrepreneurship analysis. Managing Rural Development in North East India: Perspective, Policies and Experiences Tezpur, Nov 7-8, 2014
  • 12. Country level Landscape of use of some policy tools Managing Rural Development in North East India: Perspective, Policies and Experiences Tezpur, Nov 7-8, 2014 Policy Tools Observed use of tools India ( study states only) Bangladesh Nepal Decentralization* Yes Yes Yes Cost recovery of animal health services** Yes No Yes Support to vocational skill training in animal health care Yes ( Preliminary ) Yes (Preliminary ) Yes Subcontracting of services to private. No*** No Yes Subsidies to private service providers Yes**** No Yes Recognition of Community Animal Health Workers Not used Not used Used Support to Membership based organizations for service infrastructure development / delivery Limited use Limited use Limited use Direct subsidies to livestock farmers for animal health (E.g. voucher etc.) No used Not used Not used Direct subsidies on veterinary drugs ( Free distribution) Limited use ( To poor families) Limited use (To poor families ) Limited use ( To poor families ) Direct subsidies on veterinary vaccines ( Free distribution) Used for scheduled diseases during mass vaccination Used for scheduled diseases during mass vaccination Used for scheduled diseases during mass vaccination. Joint human –animal health system Not tested Not tested Not tested Source: M I Barbaruah (2014)
  • 13. Managing Rural Development in North East India: Perspective, Policies and Experiences Tezpur, Nov 7-8, 2014 E-mail: drbarbaruah@gmail.com Miftahul.barbaruah@vethelplineindia.co.in Web: www.vethelplineindia.co.in
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