Essential Question : What factors led to the outbreak of World War II in 1939? Warm-Up Question :

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  Essential Question : What factors led to the outbreak of World War II in 1939? Warm-Up Question : Considering the short comings of the Treaty of Versailles, what do you think will cause the Second World War?. The Causes of World War II.
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  • Essential Question:
  • What factors led to the outbreak of World War II in 1939?
  • Warm-Up Question:
  • Considering the short comings of the Treaty of Versailles, what do you think will cause the Second World War?
  • The Causes of World War II
  • WWI was not the “war to end all wars” as a series of problems from 1919 to 1939 led to World War II
  • Resentment in Germany over the Treaty of Versailles
  • The failure of the League of Nations to maintain world peace
  • A global depression & intense nationalism led to the rise of dangerous, aggressive dictators
  • Cause of World War II Huge reparations slowed Germany’s ability to rebuild after the war The punishing terms of the Treaty of Versailles (war guilt & demilitarization) led to anger & resentment in Germany Causes of World War II Britain & France were leaders of the League of Nations, but war debts & post-war rebuilding meant that they could not afford another war The Causes of World War I European nations were dependent upon U.S. investment to help rebuild, …but the Great Depression led to a world-wide depression in the 1930s, especially in Europe In Germany inflation was so bad, that money became worthless; Here German children use stacks of German money as play toys The Rise of Totalitarianism
  • These desperate conditions led to the rise of totalitarianism in Europe
  • Dictators seized total control over the gov’t & the lives of citizens
  • Promoted nationalism to win support & promised a return of jobs, national pride, & “empire”
  • Used propaganda, police terror, & persecution to maintain power
  • Totalitarian Regimes in Europe & Asia Totalitarian Regimes in Europe & Asia Mussolini & Hitler both believed in fascism—the idea that nations need strong dictators, total authority by one political party, but that people can keep their private property Communists like Lenin & Stalin in the Soviet Union believed that the gov’t should control all property & business Totalitarian Regimes in Europe & Asia In the 1920s & 1930s, Japan was the strongest & wealthiest nation in Asia; Prime Minister Hideki Tojo created a military dictatorship in Japan In the 1930s, territorial expansion in Europe & Asia contributed to WWII Causes of World War II In the 1930s, Japan began to build a large Asian empire to provide resources for their industry & military; Japanese forces attacked Manchuria, northern China, & East Indies In the 1930s, Mussolini directed the Italian military to seize Libya & Ethiopia in Africa, then Albania in Europe To fulfill Hitler’s dream of Lebensraum (living space); Germany annexed Austria & Czechoslovakia in the 1930s Failure of the League of Nations Germany annexed Austria & Czechoslovakia in the 1930s
  • This expansion threatened world peace, but the League of Nations failed to intervene effectively:
  • Britain & France relied on appeasement (giving in to an aggressor to avoid war)
  • The League condemned Japan, Italy,&Germanybutresistedmore severe actions to halt expansion
  • The Outbreak of World War II Germany annexed Austria & Czechoslovakia in the 1930s
  • In 1939, German expansion led to the outbreak of World War II:
  • Hitler negotiated the Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact allowing Germany to seize half of Poland
  • World leaders were shocked by the agreement & horrified by German military expansion
  • England & France could not use appeasement any longer & declared war on Germany On September 1, 1939 Germany invaded Poland In 1940, Germany, Italy, & Japan signed the Tripartite Pact ( “Axis Coalition”) to protect each other in case any nation was attacked Expansion in Europe & Asia ( “Axis Coalition”) to protect each other in case any nation was attacked
  • OnceWWIIbegan,theAxisPowers used modern militaries to seize large territories in Europe & Asia:
  • The Germans used blitzkrieg tactics to take most of Europe
  • Italian forces seized north Africa
  • Japanese military gained an empire in Southeast Asia
  • Blitzkrieg (“lightning war”) tactics used air raids followed by infantry & tanks invasions By 1941, the Axis Powers controlled almost all of Europe & northern Africa In 1940, Germany began bombing Britain, the strongest Allied nation In 1940, France fell to the Nazis In 1941, Germany broke the Nazi-Soviet Pact & invaded the USSR Meanwhile…in the Pacific northern Africa Japan took full advantage of the European war to expand in Asia Conclusions northern Africa
  • By the end of 1941, the Axis Powers appeared close to victory:
  • Germany & Italy were in control of Europe with Britain & USSR as the only opposition to victory
  • Japan seemed to go unnoticed in their conquest of Asia
  • From 1939 to 1941, the USA remained neutral, but not isolated, from the global conflict
  • Closure Activity northern Africa
  • On your map, label the following:
  • The 3 main Axis Powers
  • The territories under the control of the Axis Powers by 1942
  • On your timeline, identify the 5 most important events that contributed to World War 2; For each event, provide a brief summary & an image
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