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  1. THE Old Testament Student. WILLIAM E. HAEPEE, Ph. D., Editor. VOLUME VII. September, 1887 June, 1888. THE OLD TESTAMENT STUDENT. New Haven, Conn., P.…
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  • 1. THE Old Testament Student. WILLIAM E. HAEPEE, Ph. D., Editor. VOLUME VII. September, 1887" June, 1888. THE OLD TESTAMENT STUDENT. New Haven, Conn., P. O. Drawer 15. For Sale by Charles Scribner's Sons, 743-745 Broadway, New York. London Agency : Triibner " Co., 57 and 59 Ludgate Hill.
  • 2. Table of Contents, SEPTEMBER. I. Editorial : Bible-study in College." Present Extent of it." What is Wanted ?" Bible- study Disciplinary." Relation of the Intellectual Study of the Bible to its Devotional Use." Bible-study needed by the whole body of Students." First Four "Inductive Bible-studies." 1- 4 II. A Symposium: The Desirability and Feasibility of Bible-study in the College. Presidents Julius H. Seelye, E. G. Robinson, G. D. B. Pepper, S. C. Bartletl, Golusha Anderson, Jas. H. Mason Knox, Jos. H. FairchibI, James Mc- Cosli, C. N. Sims, Sylvester F. Scovel; Editors Lyman Abbott, Henry M. Field, William Hayes IFard, Win. C. Gray, Justin A. Smith, H. Clay Trumbull 5-10 III. The Study op the Hebrew Theocracy in the College. Pres. Franklin Cartt r.D.D 11-15 IV. The Task and Education op Moses. Prof. Anson D. Morse 18-20 V. Inductive Bible-studies. Introductory. Professors Beecher, Burroughs and Harper 21 23 VI. Books of Samuel, Kings and Chronicles. Second Inductive Bible-study. Professors Beecher and Harper '. 24- 26 VII. The Times Before the Administration of Samuel. Third Inductive Bible- study. Professors Beecher and Burroughs - 27- : 10 VTn. Administration of Samuel. Fourth Inductive Bible-study. Professors Beecher and Burroughs 30- 33 IX. Old Testament Notes and Notices 34 X. Book Notices : The Pharaohs of the Bondage and the Exodus." Bible Characters 35 XI. Current Old Testament Literature 36 OCTOBER. I. Editorial : A Letter of President Dwight." President Jordan's View." Now is the time to Introduce Bible-study into the College Curriculum." College Bible-study a Movement." Why the " Inductive Bible-studies " are Difficult 371 39 II. False Methods op Interpretation. Professor Sylvester Burnham, D. B 40- 43 III. Old Testament Textual Criticism. Professor George H. Sclwdde, Ph. D 44-48 IV. The Old Testament for Our Times. Professor E. L. Curtis, Ph. D 49-53 V. The Beign of Saul. Fifth Inductive Bible-study. Professors Beecher and Bur-roughs 53- 57 VI. Prophets, Religion and Scriptures op Israel in the Times of Eli, Sam-uel and Saul. Sixth Inductive Bible-study. Professor Beecher 57- 61 VTI. The Rise of David's Empire. Seventh Inductive Bible-study. Professors Beecher and Burroughs 61- 64 VHI. David's Reign from the Completion op his Conquests. Eighth Inductive Bible-study. Professors Beecher and Burroughs 64- 67 IX. Old Testament Notes and Notices 68,69 X. Book Notices : Introduction to History of Israel." The Story of Ancient Egypt 70 XI. Correspondence School of Hebrew 71 XH. Current Old Testament Literature . . 72
  • 3. iv Table of Contents. NOVEMBER. I. Editorial : lienciency in Bible knowledge among University Students." The Intellectual Element in the Scriptures." Biblical Data and their Interpretation." Theologi-an utions in an Ambiguous Attitude 73- 75 II. Statistical Observations upon BIBLICAL Data. Dr. Vine. GochUrt 76-83 III. False Me-hihh- OF IWTBRPBBTATION. II. Professor Sylvester Burnham, D.D. . 83-85 IV. The Old Testament for our Timi:s. II. Professor E. L.Curtis, I'll. U 85-89 V. CIVILIZATION in Israel in the Times from Eli to David. Ninth Inductive Bible-study, Professor Beecher 90-93 VI. The I's u.ms of David" First Period. Tenth Inductive Bible-study. Profes- " a Harper 93-96 VII. The Psalms of David" Second Period. Eleventh Inductive Bible-study. Professor Harper 96- 9B VIII. Tin. 1'sai.ms of David" Third Period. Twelfth Inductive Bible-study. Pro-fessor Harper 99-1 02 IX. Old Testament Notes and Notices 103,104 X. Book Notices : The Story id Assyria." Sophocles' Greek Lexicon of the Boman and Byzantine Periods" The Story of the Psalms 105-106 XI. Correspondence School of Hebrew 107 XII. Current old Testament Literature , 108 DECEMBER. I. Editorial : "The English Bible and the College Curriculum."" Facts and Inferences." Macaulay and the English of our Bible." The Purchase of Books." Various Views us to the Kind of Books to buy 109-112 II. False Methods of Interpretation. III. Professor Sylvester Burnham, D. D. 11; 11.'. III. Letter II." To a Pastor who wishes to Invest J200 in Books pertainim. to Old Testament Study. Prof. Revere F. ITcidner, M. A 116-119 IV. How the New Movement for College Bible-study might Utilize the Chapel Readings. Wilbur F. Crafts, D.D 120,121 V. Keign of Solomon. Thirteenth Inductive Bible-study. Prof. Willis J. Beecher, D.D 128-124 VI. The Tempi. l OF Solomon. Fourteenth Inductive Bible-study. J. L. Hurlhut, D.D 125-121 VII. Proverbs I.-XXIV. Fifteenth Inductive Bible-study. Prof . W. R. Harper 128-130 VIII. Proverbs XXV.-XXXI. and the Book as a Whole. Sixteenth Inductive Bible-study. Prof. W. R. Harper 130-133 IX. A Babylonian saints' Calendar 131,135 X. Old Testament Notes and NOTICES 136,137 XI. Book Notices : Genesis and Geology." God in Creation and in Worship 138 XII. Correspondence School of Hebrew 139 XIII. Current Old Testament Literature 110 JANUARY. I. Editorial : Likeness of Hebrew Institutions to those of other Semitic Tribes." Absolute Uniqueness not to be expected of Divine Institutions." The Bible and the Monuments alike ami yet infinitely unlike." The Bible not for religious uses exclusively 141-148 II. FAME METHODS OF INTERPRETATION. IV. Professor Sylvester Burnham,D. D.. 144-146 ILT. Professor Weidner's LISTS. Professor John P. Peters, Ph. D 146-149 IV. The Pentateuchal QUESTION 160-153 V. Isaiah and Judah during the Dynasties of Jeroboam and Baasha. Sev-enteenth Induct he Bible-Study, Professors Beecher and Harper 153-156 VI. Israel and Judah duhino Ombi'S Dynasty. Eighteenth Inductive Bible- Btudy. Profenort Beecher mid Harper 156-160
  • 4. Table of Contents. v VII. Elijah, Elisha, and their Fellow Prophets. Nineteenth Inductive Bible- study. Professor Beecher and Harper 161-164 VIII. Israel and Jcdah durinc. the First Three Reigns of the Dynasty of Jehd. Twentieth Inductive Bible-study. Prof essors Beecher and Harper 164-167 LX. Old Testament Notes and Notices 168,169 X. Book Notices : Shearer's Bible Course Syllabus." Christ and the Jewish Law 170 XI. Correspondence School of Hebrew 171 XII. Current Old Testament Literature 172 FEBRUARY. I. Editorial : A Promised Statement. " A Rumored Exploring Expedition to Babylonia. " The "Studies" on Jonah, Amos and Hosea." The Work of the Institute of Hebrew and that of The Old Testament Student one Work." Facts of In-terest and Grounds for Gratitude."" Mythic Phrases " in the Old Testament. 173-175 II. Historical Development of the Messianic Idea. James Scott, D. D., LL. D. 176-180 III. The Names of Jacob and Joseph in Egypt. Lysander Diclierman 181-185 IV. Dr. Cheyne on Isaiah. Howard Crosby, D. D" LL. D 186 V. Report of the Principal of Schools of the American Institute of Hkbrew (1887) 187-192 VI. Report of the Treasurer of the American Institute of Hebrew 192-194 VII. Israel and Judah in the Reigns of Jeroboam II. and Menahem. Twenty- first Inductive Bible-study. Professors Beecher and Harper 195-198 The Book of Jonah. Twenty-second Inductive Bible-study. Professor Bur-roughs 198-201 LX. The Prophecy of Amos. Twenty-third Inductive Bible-study. Professor Bur-roughs 201-204 X. The Prophecy of Hosea. Twenty-fourth Inductive Bible-study. Professor Burroughs - 204-207 XI. Current Old Testament Literature 208 MARCH. I. Editorial : Harmonizing the Dates and Numbers of Scripture with Extraneous Litera-ture." " Mastery," not "Memorizing," the true Aim of Educational Work." " Memorizing " still to be Tolerated under Protest."" Scientific " and " Unsci-entific" Bible-study 209-211 II. Macaulay's Use of Scripture in his Essays. Rev. B. DeWitt Mallary 212-216 ILT. Sabbath-schools Examined on the Bible. Wilbur F. Crafts, D.D 217-221 IV. Some Levitical Usages. Professor John 67. Lansing, D.D 221-223 V. An Old Testament Library. By the Editor 223-225 VI. The Prophecy of Joel. Twenty-fifth Inductive Bible-study. Professor Bur-roughs 226-228 VII. Israel and Judah during the Reigns of Pekahiah, Pekah and Hoshea. Twenty-sixth Inductive Bible-Study. Professor Beecher 229-232 VIII. Hezekiah's Reign. Twenty-seventh and Twenty-eighth Inductive Bible-studies (in one). Professor Beecher 233-237 IX. Old Testament Notes and Notices 238 X. Book Notices : Sayce's Lectures on the Religion of the Ancient Babylonians 239 XI. Current Old Testament Literature 240 APRIL. I. Editorial: Biased Positiveness." Unbiased Investigation." Preparatory Study of the Bible." Subsequence of Scripture Narrative to Event." A Divine Ordering of Scripture Events as well as of Scripture Narratives." Relation of Sacred Liter-ature to the Events of Sacred History." Inquiries concerning Pentateuchal Analysis 241-245 II. Macaulay's Use of Scripture in his Essays. II. Bev. B. DeWitt Mallary.. 246-249
  • 5. vi Table of Contents. III. What is the Nature OF the DISCOURSE is Hiou ], -': Professor Francis B. ; iv. Paraphrase oi '; . W. W. Everts, Jr 8 v. Professors Gardiner lnd Bibbbli 'bbtatbitob Questioh vi. a Biblical Ohbok to i: -v. Prof ettor Charles Rufus Brown, pr d a vi[. I'm Prophecy of Micah. Twenty-ninth Inductive Bible-study. Professor Bur- "hS 381-264 VIII. Tin Prophecy of Naihm. Thirtieth Inductive Bible-study. Professor Bur- fu IX. Old Testament Notes " 268,269 x. Book Notk The Bible, Theocratic [ilterature.^Ehe Book of Job -TO XI. i BREW -71 xil. Current Old Tesi lkbhi Litbbatur] 272 MAY. I. Editorial: "Tlie Rhetorical Value of the Study of Hebrew."" The Symposium in the June STUDENT." A Protest." Another Protest 273-275 II. The Rhetorical Vau - i oy of Hebrew. Prof. Shailer Mathews, .17. .1 276-280 III. The Song of Moses, Deut. 82. Prof . Milton s. Terry, D. D 280-283 IV. The Ceremonial Law. A Normal Lesson; with Mnemonic Helps. Datrfd J. Burreil, D. D 281-287 V. The Old Testament at the Johns Hopkins University. John B. Daish 288,289 VI. Isaiah 1-12. Thirty-first mid thiriy-second Inductive Bible-studies. Professor 290-296 vii. The Psaj .i'H. Thirty-third Inductive Bible-study 296-298 viii. Psalms op the Sons of Kobah. Thirty-fourth Inductive Bible-study 298,299 IX. Reigns or Manasser, Amon and Josiah. Thirty-fifth Inductive liible-study. Beeeher 300-301 - X. BOOl What is the Bible ? XI. Current Old Testament Literature 304 JUNE. I. Editorial: The Subscription Price." The Inductive Bible-studies." Hexateuch Analy-i-. "The Wide Circulation of DelitZSOh'S Hebrew Now Testament." Chilling tsof the Intellectual Study of Scripture 305-307 11. Bible -study at Wellesley College. Prof. Anne Et 908-811 III. a - Shai i. Tin. Analyzed Pestateuch be published in the Old uient Student? iv. AjJOTHi t View OF Hosea 1 AND 2. Prof. Jas.O. Murphy, D.D 81 v. ami chitons and thb Teaching of the Bible. Bee. Stephen D. Pa I vi. The Prop Zephaniae lndHabakkuk. Thirty-sixth Inductive Bible- VII. Tii- Jehoiaklm a-- iii. Thirty-seventh Inductive Bible- h"r VIII. Jeremiah. Th ith and Thirty-ninth Inductive Eible-studies (in one). Prof dot Harper i IX. JUDAS UJD ISRAEL in EXILE. Fortieth Inductive Bible-study. Professor X. Hook Notices: A. History of the Hebrews. I on the Psalms 831,886 XI. CPU rent Old TESTAMENT l.i i eh VTPKE B86 ill. General Index to Vol. VD 337-343
  • 6. *Tp*OLD*TES^ipp*STODEp." Vol. VII. SEPTEMBER, 1887. No. 1. Shall the study of the Bible have a place in the college curricu-lum ? This question those engaged in college education must ask and must answer. Te be sure, it is not a new question. There have always been individuals who have pressed it. There have always been institutions in which such study has been provided for. But as never before the question now comes to us ; and it comes with force capable of overcoming all ordinary obstacles. The opportune moment has arrived for a movement which shall aim to place in the curriculum of every American college at least an elective course in the study of the English Bible. Let the friends of this movement unite and act. To how great an extent has the Bible already been assigned a place in the curriculum of our colleges? The brief statements con-tained in this number of a dozen or more leading college presidents, will in part answer this question. Quite a number of institutions offer something. But is it really bona fide work that is provided for ? Is it not in most cases so managed as to become either an unpopular and unprofitable task, or a popular and unprofitable "snap"? Does the Bible-department, in those colleges in which it exists, have the dig-nity possessed by other departments? Is it, after all, regarded as a department of the college, and not rather as a sort of Sunday-school appendage ? The truth is this : Only a few, at best, of our institu-tions, recognize such work as worth doing; and in these few, with some exceptions of course, such study is so conducted as practically to be a farce. WHAT is wanted? (1) That in every institution there shall be an opportunity offered, for men who so desire, to study the English *2
  • 7. 2 The Old Testament Student. Bible. (2) That this course of study be placed in the hands of men who can teacli,and that it be made to have equal dignity and rank with other courses of college study. (3) That public opinion, exclu-sive of religiousopinion, be brought to accept the fact that the study of the Bible, merely as history and literature, is as ennobling, as discip-linary, and in short as valuable, as the study of any other history and literature. (4) That the time may soon have passed when young men shall leave our colleges shamefully ignorant of those characters, ideas, and events, which have not only greatly influenced, but indeed altogether controlled and molded the world's history. Is this asking too much ? WHY is it that so many collegemen, to whom the propriety of devot-ing a term's study in college to Greek history is self-evident, hesitate at the proposition to offer as an elective a term of study in Hebrew his-tory? If a young man in pursuit of discipline may profitablyspend hours in mastering the institutions of Lycurgus, why may he not spend as much time upon those of Moses ? If familiarity with the biographies of Aristides and Pericles and Socrates refines the taste and elevates the thought, why not familiaritywith the lives and words of David and Solomon and Isaiah? Some may think that, as the stu-dent has heard the Bible read from infancy and has owned so long a copy for himself, he is already so intimately familiar with its con-tents that it would be impossible to make a term of Bible-study hard enough to be disciplinary. But such a supposition will excite only a smile among those who have taken pains to discover the real state of the facts. The ignorance of the Bible among intelligent young men would be amusing were it not most shameful. IN considering the question of the Bible in our colleges,empha-sis should be laid upon the relation of its intellectual study to its devotional use. It is clear that, at least for one who occupies the position of the college student, the former is fundamental to the latter. The earnest endeavor to discover the sense of the Bible to the intellect stands in direct and primary relation to the possibilityof finding, in biblical expression and experience, either a message to the personal thought and experience of the devout heart or a vehicle of utterance, within self, for the soul's thought or state of feeling. One must first understand a given portion of the Bible before one can properly use it devotionally. Intellectual reading of the Bible open;;
  • 8. Editorial. 3 vastly more widely its general contents to devotional use. Even such passages as would be spontaneously selected for the purpose of devo-tion become in their contents much richer to the heart after their careful study by the intellect. Is the Bible used devotionally in our colleges,by their Christian students, as it should be ? Is it to them the help that it ought to be ? If not, why not ? Is not this the pre-eminent need for the nurture and growth of Christian life in the col-lege, that the Scriptures be read intellectuallyin order that they may become a power devotionally in the individual life of the student? A further inquiry presents itself. Is the Bible as useful devo-tionally as it ought to be to the thinking Christian men of our land, our Christian college graduates ? If not, why not ? Is it, in large measure, because such intellectual study of the Scriptures as is funda-mental to their proper and full devotional use, was not afforded them in the days of their college mental discipline,when, certainlyas com-pared with the days of busy life since, thay had time and opportunity for such study ? What are the facts ? If a man leaves college with-out, at least, a comparative intellectual knowledge of the Bible, do the Scriptures ever help him devotionally, and thus help the world through him, as they ought ? Do they attain their end in him and through him ? Bible-study is needed in our colleges for the students as a whole. It is more needed by those not looking forward to the ministry than by those who are. It is believed that our college students recognize this all-important fact. In asking editoriallyfor an elective in Bible- study, the Amherst Literary Magazine said: "We believe we voice the sentiment of the student body in directing attention to the need." "We claim that every well-educated man should be acquainted with the facts and proofs of Christianity." The times are demanding this Bible-work of the colleges. Where are the college educated men, in sufficient number, who are fitted to act as Sabbath-school superintend-ents, to conduct teachers' meetings as they should be conducted, to have charge of normal and Bible-class work, to serve as teachers for our thinking young men ? See the phenomenal success of a thor-oughly equipped Bible-teacher to-day ? Why are there so few ? Again. The character of pulpit-work depends much upon the pews. With increased Christian education there is an increasing intelligent demand for higher literaryand scientific culture on the part of the ministry. Is there a corresponding demand for biblical culture, for that devout and also scholarlyknowledge of the Scriptures
  • 9. 4 The Old Testajient Student. which the spirit and questions of the day demand in him who occupies the pulpit ? Why do we not have more Bible-preaching, in its broad-est and best sense? Is Christian intelligence in the pews somewhat in fault ? Is the remedy to be found, in part, in Bible-study in the college ? The present number of THE STUDENT contains the first four of a series of forty "Inductive Bible-studies." In the preparation of these "studies" there have been associated with the editor, Professors Ym. G. Ballantine, D. D., of Oberlin, O., Willis J. Beecher, D. D., of Auburn, N. Y., and George S. Burroughs, of Amherst, Mass. The work has been distributed quite evenly among the four gentlemen. It is thought that this course of study can be employed to advantage by instructors teaching the Bible in college, College Y. M. C. Associa-tions, general Y. M. C. Associations, teachers of Bible-classes,
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