Cigarette smoking

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  1. effects of smoking cigarette Presented by ; : Sabbir Ali :Pharm.D 2. Smoking is inhaling and exhaling the smoke produced by the burning of tobacco in cigars, pipes and…
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  • 1. effects of smoking cigarette Presented by ; : Sabbir Ali :Pharm.D
  • 2. Smoking is inhaling and exhaling the smoke produced by the burning of tobacco in cigars, pipes and cigarettes.
  • 3.  Cigarette is a cylindrical roll of shredded or ground tobacco that is wrapped in a paper or another substance that does not contain tobacco.
  • 4.  The history of smoking dates back to as early as 5000 BC in shamanistic rituals.  In 1865, a man named Washington Duke from north carolina began to roll cigarette and sell them to others for profit.  In 1883 James Bonsack invented a machine that could roll cigarette and produce thousands per day.
  • 5.  The smoking of tobacco, as well as various hallucinogenic drugs was used to achieve trance and to come in contact with the spirit world.  Cannabis smoking was common in sub- saharan Africa through Ethiopia and the east African coast in the middle east before the arrival of tobacco, and was early on a common social activity that centered around the type of water pipe called a hookah.
  • 6. • cigarette smoke contains over 4,000 different chemicals and compounds. (60 are known carcinogene)
  • 7.  Nicotine  Tar  Ammonia  Lead  Licorice  Cocoa  Carbon monoxide  Carbon disulfide  Hydrogen cyanide  Menthol  Acetone  Arsenic  Polonium-210  Cadmium  Mercury  Benzene  Formaldehyde  acetylaldehyde
  • 8.  One of the most addictive substance known to man, a powerful and fact acting medical and non-medical poison.
  • 9.  Particulate matter drawn into lungs when you inhale on a lighted cigarette. once inhaled, smoke condenses and about 70% of the tar in the smoke is deposited in the smokers lung.
  • 10.  Ammonia an alkali found in dry cleaning fluids is added to cigarette to speed the rate which nicotine is absorbed through the blood stream and blood- brain-barrier. It raises the ph levels of smoke creating “free nicotine” which can be absorbed by the body more quickly than “bound nicotine”.
  • 11.  An odorless, tasteless and poisonous gas, rapidly fatal in large amount -its is the major gas in cigarette smoke, formed when the cigarette is lit.
  • 12.  Gas chamber poison Arsenic Rat poison
  • 13.  Volatile liquid ketone, used as a solvent, for e.g nail polish remover.
  • 14.  a colorless cyclic hydrocarbon obtained from coal and petroleum, used as solvent in fuel and in chemical manufacture.  It’s a known as carcinogen and is associated with leukaemia.
  • 15.  A radio active element found in smoke and is equivlent to the radiation from 4 chest x-rays.
  • 16.  A colorless liquid, highly poisonous, used preserve dead bodies. Known to cause caner, respiratory skin and gastrointestinal problems.
  • 17.  Cocoa and licorice when burned together, act as bronchodilaters allowing greater amount of smoke inhalation providing larger amounts of nicotine delivery.  Menthol used to anesthetize the throat so the smoker doesn’t feel the irritating effects.
  • 18.  To feel relaxed  To look and be cool  They enjoy smoking  Peer pressure  They are mirroring other  Social integration  They are psychologically dependent  it’s an addiction  Stress removal  To think properly
  • 19.  Effect-1  Respiratory system  smoking can cause of dangerous disease like, asthma, tuberculosis, lung cancer, emphysema, feeling out of breath, pneumonia, cold and flu.
  • 20.  Digestive system  it creates peptic ulcer, gallstones, stomach cancer, and heart burn.
  • 21.  Lungs  When a person smoke then tobacco makes blockage in lungs, and gradually it develops lung cancer
  • 22.  Cardiovascular system  Increase heart rate  Elevated blood pressure  Tissue hypoxemia  Increase fibrolytic and platelet activity
  • 23.  Immune system  Decrease neutrophil activity  Impaired wound healing  Impaired immunity increases the risk for lung infections.
  • 24.  Musculoskeletal system  Increase risk of osteoporosis, fracture, herniation of an intervertebral disk.
  • 25.  Skin  Smoking badly effect on human skin. it can cause of aging, wrinkles, scaring and capillaries on the skin.
  • 26.  Heart attack  It leads to inadequate blood supply due to the effect of carbon monoxide discharge from tobacco  Also leads to,  Heart failure  Stroke
  • 27.  Brain  Brain goes to the un-conscious level at the time of intoxication and it kills essential tissues of the brain.  It can also cause of blood clotting in brain.
  • 28.  Cancer  Tobacco use leads to most commonly to disease affecting the heart and lungs, and being a major risk factor for cancer  WHO estimate the tobcco caused 100 million death over the course of 20th century.
  • 29. • For,  Look and feel healthier  Save money  Be save and save other from fatal disease  Smile brighter  Live longer  Set an example
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