Child care from a global perspective

Please download to get full document.

View again

All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
 18
 
  child care in USA and Ontario
Related documents
Share
Transcript
  • 1. Child Care from a Global Perspective U.S.A Group Members: Jing Gao Jia Hui Zhou Yihan Wang Yanni Gao Khairun NM Sultana
  • 2. Type of Childcare  Four types of childcare Childcare Center: care children in groups, centers are located in churches, houses, community centers and buildings designed especially for childcare Family Childcare Providers:  care for children in the provider’s home, and it must to be licensed. Providers must also have a criminal records check
  • 3. Type of Childcare Home Caregivers: home caregivers provide care for children in the child’s home. They may be live-in or live –out nannies or housekeepers Care Provided by Relatives: care provided by relatives may take place in the caregiver’s home or in the child’s home. The care Is provided by a family member
  • 4. History / Evolution  Beginning: Whole concept of the early childhood education system start with a European mother back in 1800s ECE system came to American in the Industrial Revolution First infant school was in Winconsin 1848 Different Methods Implemented: The Montessori Method
  • 5. History / Evolution Con't  Evolution  The early childhood program in the U.S. proved to be very successful since the mid-1960s USA today: Increase of number enroll in children 2009-2010 almost 1,292,310 children enrolled in state- funded PreK program
  • 6. History / Evolution Con't  Ontario  Christian Missionaires began to take the indigenour children and attempted to "evangelise" them.  1870w Froebel kindergartens first appear in Canada  Leter Egerton Ryerson's establish the school system in Ontario  In 1946 Day Nurseries Act (DNA) established
  • 7. Philosophy  What is Philosophy? "Philosophy is a process of thinking, a set of ideas that formulated to comprehend the world and is base on your belief and values" (Marah, 2013) USA Childcare Philosophy: Both USA and Ontario philosophy are similar Children are different, unique and special Develop socially, emotionally, cognititvely and physically Exploring and Play Right to be respected and accepted
  • 8. Accessibility of Childcare  Different services support difference children  Child care services in both country are similar  Both have: Child care centre Family child care In-home child care After school care Kindergarten
  • 9. Accessibility of Childcare  Child Care Centre  It is prove care for 3 month to 12 age children  The caregivers must have childhood education  Generally Licensed by state(USA)/ province(Canada)  It offer full-day or part-day programs Family child care It services a small group of children It is located within caregivers home It may have One or more educators Children vary in age from infancy to school age
  • 10. Accessibility of Childcare  In-home child care  It is takes place in the child’s own home  The caregiver may be a baby-sitter or nanny After-school care It is usually for children who attend elementary/primary school School-aged children participate in there care either before of after school or both It may be operated by child care centers, churches and recreation.
  • 11. Accessibility of Childcare Different services in USA and Canada USA Head Start program Sick child care Ontario Aboriginal Head Start on Reserve
  • 12. Accessibility of Childcare  USA  It is only one school- year.  Children usually attend kindergarten around 5 to 6 years old  Many states widely offer a free kindergarten, while other states require all 5 years olds to enroll  Ontario  It has two grades, junior kindergarten and senior kindergarten  Junior kindergarten for 4 years old children; senior kindergarten for 5years old children  It can be publicly funded or fee based Kindergarten
  • 13. Role and Responsibilities of Early Childhood Education in The US  For Children  ECE enhances the development of young children , keeps them healthy and makes preparations for them to study in school.  For parents  ECE releases strains of employed mothers, helps parents fulfill their roles as nurturers and teachers to their children by providing skill training.  For Society  ECE offers opportunities of workforces and reduces school failure
  • 14. Role and responsibilities of ECE Training in the US  Child care workers operate in a variety of settings, most frequently a daycare center.  In the USA, though requirements vary from state to state, a high school diploma or its equivalent is usually the only education necessary.  Preschool teachers typically work with children from age two until they're ready for kindergarten. For administrative positions, however, a child development certificate or associate degree is generally the minimum requirement.
  • 15. Role and responsibilities of ECE Training in Ontario  ECEs are responsible for planning and organizing activities that protect and promote children’s intellectual, physical, social and emotional growth.  A registered member of the College of Early Childhood Educators to call yourself an Early Childhood Educator or a Registered Early Childhood Educator in Ontario.  To qualify for membership with the College, you must have, at minimum, an ECE diploma from an Ontario College of Applied Arts and Technology (OCAAT) or the equivalent.
  • 16. Conclusion  Types:  Both childcare centers and family childcare should be licensed. Children in home caregivers and care provided by relatives are taken care by housekeepers and relatives respectively in home.  History:  A European mother was the initiator of ECE in the USA. Thanks to Industrial Revolution, people found it's an effective and safe way to take care of children.  Philosophy:  Montessori Method is a common technique in ECE.These two countries believe that each child should be seen as a whole child.
  • 17.  Availability and Accessibility:  American ECE takes care of children from 3 months to 12 years old. Based on each child's situation, it divides as family child care, after school program, kindergarten and sick child care.  Role of ECE and its training:  ECE in the USA enhances children various abilities for their school and lives. Also it solves social problems for employed parents and provides more positions for workforces.
  • 18. Thank You All For Listening To Our Presentation On Child Care From A Global Perspective : U.S.A
  • Related Search
    We Need Your Support
    Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

    Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

    No, Thanks