A guide for the rolling out of a software delivery project

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  Across the world today software development in all shapes and sizes is growing exponentially. There is a software revolution and without a doubt it is an exciting world to be part of. The future is literally happening before our very eyes and never before have we as project managers needed to be on our toes to ensure that we keep pace with this technology race.
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  • 1. A User Friendly and Easy to Follow Approach
  • 2. Across the world today software development in all shapes and sizes is growing exponentially. There is a software revolution and without a doubt it is an exciting world to be part of. The future is literally happening before our very eyes and never before have we as project managers needed to be on our toes to ensure that we keep pace with this technology race. Get Fast: A Survival Strategy For Software Development Editor at Large, Enterprise MobilityThomas Claburn http://www.informationweek.com/mobile/mobile-applications/get-fast-a- survival-strategy-for-software-development/d/d-id/1320195
  • 3. This presentation will give you the basic and fundamental steps to plan, develop and rollout a software project. The Project Framework The Business Case Software Delivery Lifecycle (SDLC)
  • 4. A project Management Framework consists of three parts a project lifecycle, a project control cycle and tool and templates to facilitate the execution of the project. It is important to remember that the project framework supports the critical path.
  • 5. The Project Framework is setup to manage the project management phases that will plan, control and execute the product to be delivered and the software delivery that forms the critical path and triple constraints Project Management Software Delivery Life Cycle Not on Critical Path Supports and controls the software delivery cycle Always on the Critical Path Will have a baselined project plan to control the project This will result in • Delivering the product in line with current strategic objectives • The roles and responsibilities for the business, project and technical teams • A process that is adaptable in line with current requirements • A process that is not complex and easy to use • Control of the documentation and administration used during the course of each project.
  • 6. A recommended approach The Project Framework Team The Roles The Methodology The PMO The Risk Profile The Success Factors The Project Roadmap The Project Phases The Project Folders
  • 7. PMOManagement Business Technical Operations Production/On-Line The Project Framework Team • Business Sponsor • Product Manager • Business Analyst • Stakeholders • PMO Mngr • Project Mngr • Project Admin • Suppliers • Technical Team • UX Team • Testing Team • Quality Team • Financial Mngr • Quality Mngr • Process Mngr • Production Mngr • On-Line Mngr • Support team Each company will have a different approach for the project framework but the framework should cover the key business units involved in project delivery
  • 8. Team Role Business At this stage business will provide an advisory role outlying how the project will help the business to develop their vision and mission and what they hope to achieve with the product to be developed Technical The technical team whether internal or external must identify the key requirements to roll out their technical strategy and assist the PMO to ensure that the correct processes, methodologies and environments are in place for product development Operations Operations will provide the full support to ensure that contracts, financials and operational processes are in place and aligned to how all projects need to be rolled out and delivered Production/On-Line Production/On-line will provide the essential guidelines on what is required once the product goes live and how the product will be integrated into the live system The Roles The project framework will outline the roles where the process, governance and the overall management for the delivery of the software product is understood and agreed by the key management divisions
  • 9. Establishing the project methodology will provide the correct process for managing and delivering a project successfully. The two main bodies of project management practices that are used today are PMBOK and Prince2. Each methodology has its own set of principles providing the advantage of the ability to combine the best of both worlds. The Methodology • Provides all round guidance and knowledge on project management • The knowledge areas provide a systematic approach to managing a project • Provides guidance and a step by step process to managing a project • Provides structured documentation through the project life cycle • Ties in to the PMI approach for managing projects • Is accepted across the world as an industry standard • Provides a well-rounded administrative approach to project management • Focusses on the product and business case • Detailed guidelines for change control, configuration management and quality • Can be tailored and applied to any project • Offers a framework for facilitating individual projects • Is widely used by banks throughout the world as the preferred methodology for project management
  • 10. The PMO PMO Governance Best Practice Change Management Supplier Management Resource Management Process Development Projects Execution Setting up a formal PMO allows for a structured approach to the overall project management and can be used effectively whether it is a small or large company. • Dashboard status reports • Management of resources and skills required • Control and track of all decisions made • Tracking and control of financial targets • Change management • Process development • Strategic alignment to company objectives • Management of governance within the Project Life Cycle
  • 11. These factors should be based on the project to be deployed and should be amended accordingly The Risk Profile Time to Market Skills Technology Infrastructure Suppliers Team Size Stakeholders One of the advantages of identifying the risk profile will allow you to clearly specify if the project is a small, medium or large project. This will provide a clear way forward on how to setup the project framework and what governance, skills are required to deliver successful projects. . Using lessons learnt here from previous projects provides valuable insights into the risk profile
  • 12. Risk Skills Corporate Culture ComplexityPriority Budget Size InfrastructureSchedule When beginning the process of setting up the project framework it is important to note the key success factors that are required as part of your overall methodology and what will drive the project to success and a return on investment Establishing the success factors will help you to ensure that the project is setup to achieve these factors throughout the project life cycle The Success Factors
  • 13. The Project Roadmap • Reflects the deliverables and priorities • Projects can be adjusted on the roadmap in line with business changes and requirements • Reflects status milestones at a glance • Shows projects at risk • Shows dependencies between projects The project roadmap is a perfect application to allow for the rollout and priority of all projects under the radar. It will easily reflect the business requirements of when to launch the products and the feasibility to do so in line with the current technology and infrastructure that is available to the company at any given time.
  • 14. The Project Phases Initiation Planning Execution and Control Close Out • Setup the Project • Setup the Team • Finalise the Charter • Baseline the business case • Finalise the project approach • Prepare the Kick Off Presentation • Complete the Project Kick off check list • Hold kick off meeting • Submit notification to announce project in now live • Finalise Project Initiation Document • Plan Communication Strategy • Plan Quality Strategy • Plan Procurement Strategy • Plan Configuration Strategy • Finalise Project Schedule • Finalise Project Financials • Define issue and risk protocols • Define governance • Setup Project Folders • Finalise Resource Plan • Manage business case • Manage work packages • Track issues and risks • Hold status meetings • Track financials against approved project budget • Track supplier performance • Manage project plan and resource time sheets • Update agreed dashboards and PMO reports • Hold regular stakeholder meetings to agree a go or no go throughout the project • Close out all administration activities • Ensure that all documentation has been moved to a central location • Conduct final contract reviews • Conduct lessons learnt • Release resources • Conduct project audit and release findings • Finalise all invoices and payments • Close financials on project This is a generic process and should be adapted to your own individual project
  • 15. ProjectFolders Project Name Initiation Planning Control Close out Programme Management Status Reports Time Sheets Financials Reports It is a good idea to setup a standardized folder structure for project documents which follows the agreed methodology that you have implemented. This would be located on your shared document server and this must be carefully planned and controlled with the project team. There are many ways to do this however SharePoint seems to be the preferred solution. The Project Folders
  • 16. A business case captures the reasoning for initiating a project or task. It is often presented in a well-structured written document, but may also sometimes come in the form of a short verbal argument or presentation. The logic of the business case is that, whenever resources such as money or effort are consumed, they should be in support of a specific business need.
  • 17. A well-constructed business case will provide the correct way forward on how the service or product must be designed, planned, developed and finally launched. At a high level the business case will outline the benefits, costs and feasibility of the product to be launched. This document must be very clear and definitely show the company how their return on this investment will become a reality once their product is launched Going forward the approved business case becomes the barometer throughout the project guiding the way towards meeting the agreed strategy, goals and objectives What Why How Desired Business Results
  • 18. A recommended approach The Business Team The Roles The Methodology The Business Canvas The Schedule The Document
  • 19. During the compilation of the business case the project manager and operations manager provides an advisory role. They may be required to approve the business case. The Business Team BusinessCase Business Owner Business Analyst Project Manager Operations Manager
  • 20. Team Role Business Owner The New Business Manager is responsible to build the client relationship by acting as the interface between the client and the Forgood project team. The New Business Manager is responsible to ensure that the client’s requirements are identified and provide a solution and cost on how Forgood can meet those requirements Business Analyst The Business Analyst identifies business needs and determines solutions to business problems. Solutions often include a systems development component, but may also consist of process improvement, organizational change or strategic planning and policy development. Project Manager The Project Manager provides an integrated framework for project organisation; planning and control which is designed to ensure the timely and cost-effective production of all the end-products maintain acceptable standards of quality achieve for the enterprise the benefit for which the investment in the project has been made. Operations Manager The operations manager will provide an end to end view of the business which can incorporate the understanding of strategic objectives, development of an operational strategy, design of the operations services and process, planning, controlling and improving the performance of the operation. These factors will help establish the project framework across operational activity The Roles The role will define what the expectations are during the business case phase
  • 21. Define Strategy Ensure financial support Ensure management commitment Deliver business case The Methodology A business case captures the reasoning for initiating a project or task. It is often presented in a well-structured written document, but may also sometimes come in the form of a short verbal argument or presentation. The logic of the business case is that, whenever resources such as money or effort are consumed, they should be in support of a specific business need.
  • 22. Setting up a business canvas with your team will give you an edge in identifying the key points that need to be incorporated into your business case. The agreed points should be included into the business case table of contents. The Business Canvas
  • 23. Task Name Define the Opportunity Evaluate Business Approach Evaluate Potential Risks and Rewards Review and modify the strategic plan Define the Market Identify Needed Materials and Supplies Evaluate Potential Risks and Rewards Review and modify the business opportunity Confirm decision to proceed The Schedule Setup the schedule and timeframe to complete all of the tasks for the business case. This should also include the people assigned to do the actual activities. Ensure that the assigned time is as agreed with the business owners to complete the business cases to inform the stakeholders whether the project will proceed to a Go status. The schedule for the business case must be setup looking at the full scope, cost and timeframe and a project plan should be setup to manage the business case from the concept until the final sign off process has been completed
  • 24. Prepare the approval meeting and presentation Send out the final business case for review Ensure that the final updates have been incorporated into the business case and note who made the changes Any new decisions note them in a decision log and Setup the final walkthrough and advise of the date, venue and agenda Ensure that all equipment needed for the meeting is in working order Conduct the approval meeting and ensure that minutes are recorded Record the final updates At the end of the meeting submit the business case for approval If the project is given a No-Go at this stage store all of the documentation and note the decision on the product road map If it is a Go begin the process of setting up the full project The Document A business case document is a formal, written argument intended to convince a decision maker to approve some kind of action. A well-crafted business case explores all feasible approaches to a given problem and enables business owners to select the option that best serves the organization outlines the reasons why a business should spend money. It helps the management team to evaluate and prioritise investment decisions.
  • 25. SDLC stands for Software Development Life Cycle. A Software Development Life Cycle is essentially a series of steps, or phases, that provide a model for the development and lifecycle management of an application or piece of software. The methodology within the SDLC process can vary across industries and organizations, but standards such as ISO/IEC 12207 represent processes that establish a lifecycle for software, and provide a mode for the development, acquisition, and configuration of software systems.
  • 26. The software delivery lifecycle (SDLC) shifts into gear once the business has given the project a Go Status and the project team begins to focus on delivering the project in line with the approved business and quality requirements. The agreed approach for the SDLC whether it is a Waterfall or Agile approach will now become an important factor to ensure that the project is scoped, scheduled and budgeted for correctly
  • 27. A recommended approach The SDLC Team The Roles The Methodology The Project Plan The SDLC Phases Analysis Design Development Testing Deploy
  • 28. The SDLC Team SDLCProjectManager Technical Team Design Team Development Team Testing Team Production • Projects of different sizes have different needs for how the people are organized. • In a small project, little organization structure is needed. • There might be a primary sponsor, project manager and a project team. • However, for large projects, there are more and more people involved, and it is important that people understand what they are expected to do, and what role people are expected to fill.
  • 29. The Roles Team Role Technical Team The technical team will be solely responsible for defining the functional and technical solution to be implemented and provide the necessary documentation to ensure that the technical solution is approved and will provide the desired results. Design Team The design team can also be referred to as the UX team and is primarily responsible for the look and feel of the website as well as how the content will be displayed. They will be responsible for producing UX wireframes Development Team The development team will work with the technical and design team to code and do integration testing ensuring that the business requirements, technical requirements and design requirements are integrated and provide a quality solution Testing Team The testing team will do end to end testing to ensure that the agreed test cases are finalised and signed off and will only deliver the correct quality product to be moved into the live environment On-Line On line (always referred to as web management) will take over the software delivery once testing has been concluded and it responsible for the management of the live product and will be the primary point of communication to the business once the product is in live status
  • 30. Within your project framework you need to establish the correct delivery approach for your software projects. However this could also include setting up a SDLC methodology that will combine the elements of both Waterfall and Agile to provide an optimal result The Methodology Delivering http://www.computerworlduk.com/project-management/agile-waterfall-is- hybrid-approach-best-for-enterprise-app-development-3572875/ Agile and waterfall – is a hybrid approach best for enterprise app development
  • 31. Task Name Duration Basic SDLC Project Plan 141 days Requirements Analysis 40 days Design 11 days Test plan 10 days Development 87.5 days QA 11 days UAT 11 days Go-live 4 days The Project Plan Cost Scope Time Quality Once all of the pieces for the project plan are in place and approved you will need to baseline your project plan and setup the critical path for delivery. It is important to note that the project baselines will be modified throughout the project as slippage or approved changes are introduced Baseline The main benefits of having a project baseline are: • Ability to assess performance. • Earned Value calculation. • Improved future estimating accuracy. • Manage quality
  • 32. In conjunction with the Project Management Methodology, a formal end to end SDLC process model must be formalized to ensure that there is an end to end process for the development, testing and implementation of a product. This will assist in meeting the quality deliverables of the product as defined in the relevant technical and analysis documentation and can be applied to any lifecycle : Waterfall or Agile The SDLC Phases Analysis Design DevelopmentTesting Release That no matter what methodology you do choose the key SDLC steps will still be performed in order to deliver a quality product
  • 33. SDLC – Analysis Analysis Design DevelopTest Deploy
  • 34. Analysis Design DevelopTest DeploySDLC – Design
  • 35. Analysis Design DevelopTest DeploySDLC – Develop
  • 36. Analysis Design DevelopTest DeploySDLC – Test
  • 37. Analysis Design DevelopTest DeploySDLC – Deploy
  • 38. A final word Software delivery is where you as the project manager will really lead the way ensurin
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